Gold Reserves by Country

Gold has been used as a currency since ancient times, and even in our modern world still holds considerable value for banks and economies alike. Gold is inherently valuable because of its scarcity, and is often used by banks to guarantee the value of paper money. It acts as a guarantee to depositors and note holders that their money has value behind it and can be used as tradable currency. They are amassed by governments to fund expenses such as waging war and counteract rising costs due to inflation. 

Possession of a gold reserve and its export or import can be a finicky business, as while they are useful for counteracting inflation, exporting too much could cause the value of the local currency to collapse. Therefore it is necessary for countries to maintain a gold reserve so as to monitor and regulate the value of their currency in times of crisis. 

If you want to learn more about gold reserves and which country has the largest, please refer to the data in the charts.

Gold Reserves by Country

Afghanistan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

21.87

#61 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

7.4%

#161 in the World

Albania

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2.8

#84 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

76.12%

#50 in the World

Algeria

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

173.56

#24 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

55.61%

#87 in the World

Argentina

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

61.74

#44 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

102.79%

#25 in the World

Armenia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#97 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

63.48%

#71 in the World

Aruba

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

3.11

#82 in the World

Australia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

79.85

#39 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

44.1%

#109 in the World

Austria

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

279.99

#20 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

62.79%

#73 in the World

Azerbaijan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#98 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

21.37%

#149 in the World

Bahrain

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

4.67

#80 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

129.72%

#14 in the World

Bangladesh

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

14.03

#63 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

38.91%

#131 in the World

Belarus

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

53.44

#47 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

44.93%

#110 in the World

Belgium

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

227.4

#23 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

95.34%

#30 in the World

Bolivia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

42.51

#50 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

57.75%

#84 in the World

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2.99

#85 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

36.72%

#132 in the World

Brazil

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

129.65

#29 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

92.92%

#33 in the World

Bulgaria

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

40.83

#51 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

30.47%

#142 in the World

Burundi

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.03

#99 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

66.99%

#67 in the World

Cambodia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

50.45

#48 in the World

Cameroon

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#100 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

40.21%

#125 in the World

Canada

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#101 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

59.28%

#80 in the World

Chad

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#102 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

47.91%

#99 in the World

Chile

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.25

#103 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

32.54%

#136 in the World

Colombia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

4.68

#81 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

51.7%

#91 in the World

Comoros

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.02

#104 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

22.3%

#148 in the World

Costa Rica

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#105 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

67.52%

#65 in the World

Croatia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#106 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

86.82%

#37 in the World

Cyprus

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

13.9

#64 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

162.06%

#5 in the World

Czech Republic

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

11.32

#67 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

39.09%

#127 in the World

Denmark

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

66.55

#42 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

34.63%

#135 in the World

Dominican Republic

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.57

#107 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

55.93%

#88 in the World

Ecuador

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

33.78

#56 in the World

Egypt

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

125.02

#30 in the World

El Salvador

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.37

#88 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

63.18%

#72 in the World

Eritrea

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#108 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

184.9%

#4 in the World

Estonia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.25

#109 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

18.29%

#154 in the World

Fiji

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.03

#110 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

70.79%

#58 in the World

Finland

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

49.02

#49 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

57.53%

#85 in the World

France

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2,436.5

#4 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

93.44%

#31 in the World

Gabon

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#111 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

77.4%

#49 in the World

Germany

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3,355.14

#2 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

44.93%

#112 in the World

Ghana

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

8.74

#69 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

78.92%

#47 in the World

Greece

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

114.12

#35 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

225.54%

#2 in the World

Guatemala

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.89

#73 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

31.57%

#140 in the World

Haiti

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.81

#89 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

21.35%

#150 in the World

Honduras

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.69

#112 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

58.91%

#82 in the World

Hong Kong

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2.08

#86 in the World

Hungary

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

94.49

#38 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

79.62%

#46 in the World

Iceland

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.98

#90 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

74.46%

#53 in the World

India

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

768.8

#9 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

55.34%

#89 in the World

Indonesia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

78.57

#40 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

39.36%

#128 in the World

Iraq

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

130.39

#28 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

84.21%

#40 in the World

Ireland

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

12.04

#65 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

65.21%

#69 in the World

Italy

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2,451.84

#3 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

151.34%

#7 in the World

Japan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

845.97

#8 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

221.07%

#3 in the World

Jordan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

37.32

#54 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

87.98%

#35 in the World

Kazakhstan

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383.91

#13 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

23.56%

#147 in the World

Kenya

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.02

#113 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

67.57%

#66 in the World

Kuwait

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

78.97

#41 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

11.71%

#160 in the World

Kyrgyzstan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

10.19

#68 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

68.04%

#62 in the World

Laos

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.88

#114 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

68.18%

#63 in the World

Latvia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.66

#74 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

42.47%

#119 in the World

Lebanon

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

286.83

#18 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

150.43%

#9 in the World

Libya

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

116.64

#34 in the World

Lithuania

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

5.82

#79 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

46.17%

#107 in the World

Luxembourg

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2.24

#87 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

19.65%

#153 in the World

Malawi

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.4

#115 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

54.72%

#90 in the World

Malaysia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

38.88

#52 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

61.72%

#75 in the World

Malta

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.06

#116 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

51.82%

#93 in the World

Mauritania

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.02

#91 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

59.19%

#81 in the World

Mauritius

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

12.44

#66 in the World

Mexico

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

119.92

#33 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

42.05%

#120 in the World

Mongolia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.84

#75 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

70.32%

#60 in the World

Morocco

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

22.12

#60 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

75.37%

#52 in the World

Mozambique

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.67

#117 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

128.45%

#15 in the World

Myanmar

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

7.27

#71 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

39.3%

#130 in the World

Nepal

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

7.99

#72 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

42.16%

#121 in the World

Netherlands

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

612.45

#10 in the World

Nicaragua

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#118 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

47.92%

#102 in the World

Nigeria

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

21.37

#62 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

31.54%

#141 in the World

Norway

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#119 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

18.69%

#155 in the World

Oman

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.02

#120 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

81.16%

#43 in the World

Pakistan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

64.65

#43 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

87.56%

#36 in the World

Papua New Guinea

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.96

#92 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

48.87%

#97 in the World

Paraguay

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

8.19

#70 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

21.88%

#151 in the World

People's Republic of China

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1,948.31

#6 in the World

Peru

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

34.68

#55 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

30.69%

#143 in the World

Philippines

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

153.01

#26 in the World

Poland

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

228.67

#22 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

47.23%

#103 in the World

Portugal

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

382.57

#14 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

139.06%

#12 in the World

Qatar

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

56.74

#45 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

72.1%

#56 in the World

Republic of Macedonia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.89

#76 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

51.09%

#94 in the World

Republic of the Congo

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#121 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

101.05%

#27 in the World

Romania

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

103.64

#37 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

47.67%

#104 in the World

Russia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

2,298.53

#5 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

18.61%

#156 in the World

Saudi Arabia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

323.07

#16 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

32.54%

#138 in the World

Serbia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

38.07

#53 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

57.39%

#86 in the World

Singapore

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

153.74

#27 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

155.41%

#6 in the World

Slovakia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

31.69

#57 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

65.61%

#70 in the World

Slovenia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

3.17

#83 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

73.15%

#55 in the World

South Africa

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

125.35

#31 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

69.45%

#61 in the World

South Korea

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

104.45

#36 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

42.38%

#122 in the World

Spain

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

281.58

#19 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

107.55%

#22 in the World

Sri Lanka

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.7

#77 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

101.24%

#28 in the World

Suriname

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.46

#93 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

148.24%

#10 in the World

Sweden

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

125.72

#32 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

42.71%

#123 in the World

Switzerland

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1,040

#7 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

13.32%

#159 in the World

Syria

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

25.82

#59 in the World

Taiwan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

423.63

#12 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

28.01%

#144 in the World

Tajikistan

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.98

#94 in the World

Thailand

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

244.16

#21 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

44.94%

#114 in the World

Trinidad and Tobago

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.94

#95 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

60.39%

#78 in the World

Tunisia

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

6.84

#78 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

89.74%

#34 in the World

Turkey

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

457.7

#11 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

35.92%

#134 in the World

Turkmenistan

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0

#122 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

32.25%

#139 in the World

Ukraine

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

27.06

#58 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

60.88%

#79 in the World

United Arab Emirates

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

55.77

#46 in the World

United Kingdom

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

310.29

#17 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

103.5%

#24 in the World

United States of America

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

8,133.47

#1 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

119.01%

#19 in the World

Uruguay

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

0.1

#123 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

58.08%

#83 in the World

Uzbekistan

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

363.91

#15 in the World

Venezuela

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GOLD RESERVEShelp

161.22

#25 in the World

Yemen

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do_not_disturb_on

GOLD RESERVEShelp

1.56

#96 in the World

DEBT AS PERCENT OF GDPhelp

84.17%

#41 in the World