Cotton Production by Country

Cotton, a fiber used in clothing and textiles, is and has been the most popular fiber in the world. In fact, most people do not realize the various fabrics made from cotton, such as velvet, denim, and flannel. 

Cotton has had a long, tumultuous history in regards to U.S. history,  as a material used by homo sapiens. For instance, cotton has been found to be used as fabric in the prehistoric times, with fragments of cotton also found to date back to the fifth millennium BC in the Indus Valley civilization. All throughout the world, be it with the Han Dynasty in China to the Aztecs in Mexico, or the Achaemenids in modern day Iran, cotton has been a material central to the human experience.

Cotton is typically measured by bale, a set weight and dimension. A bale of cotton equals 480 pounds; however, cotton may also be weighed in the tons (one ton is 2,000 pounds). 

Cotton is part of the Gossypium genus and is an insoluble cellulose that comes from the cotton plant. It is mainly grown in tropical and subtropical climates. After it is grown, picked cotton must go through processing—where it is cleaned, fluffed, and compressed—before it can be used for fabrics.

Learn for yourself about cotton production by country in the map and charts.

Cotton Production by Country

Afghanistan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

74,062

#35 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

439,549

#49 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

5,185,000

#25 in the World

Albania

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

821

#70 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

233,430

#71 in the World

Algeria

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

83

#79 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

300

#112 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

3,106,754

#32 in the World

Angola

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

5,379

#56 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

10,000

#98 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,955

#105 in the World

Antigua and Barbuda

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

106

#78 in the World

Argentina

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1,046,043

#8 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,222,910

#35 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

19,776,942

#11 in the World

Australia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

372,872

#16 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

50,226

#85 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

14,480,217

#13 in the World

Azerbaijan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

336,792

#17 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

9,397

#99 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,818,665

#42 in the World

Bangladesh

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

73,343

#36 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

54,905,891

#3 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,029,000

#50 in the World

Benin

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

728,000

#10 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

411,578

#51 in the World

Bolivia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

123,866

#29 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

487,427

#46 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

311,310

#68 in the World

Botswana

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

901

#69 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,028

#113 in the World

Brazil

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

7,070,136

#4 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

11,091,011

#9 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

6,347,987

#21 in the World

Burkina Faso

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

782,925

#9 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

395,443

#52 in the World

Burundi

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1,683

#66 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

150,000

#71 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

8,610

#100 in the World

Cambodia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

240

#74 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

10,960,000

#10 in the World

Cameroon

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

445,808

#14 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

328,503

#55 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

437

#119 in the World

Central African Republic

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

15,676

#47 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

6,095

#101 in the World

Chad

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

145,454

#26 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

278,053

#60 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,815

#108 in the World

Colombia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

8,008

#52 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

3,424,119

#23 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

6,295

#102 in the World

Costa Rica

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

654

#71 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

137,504

#74 in the World

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

29,334

#41 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,379,000

#32 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

9,000

#98 in the World

Ecuador

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,999

#59 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,336,502

#34 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

14,647

#95 in the World

Egypt

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

215,000

#23 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

4,893,507

#17 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

9,000,000

#17 in the World

El Salvador

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

159

#76 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

28,000

#92 in the World

ESwatini

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1,158

#67 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,000

#109 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

715

#116 in the World

Ethiopia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

188,000

#24 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

189,649

#65 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

5,478,709

#24 in the World

Ghana

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

28,000

#43 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

973,000

#41 in the World

Grenada

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

52

#81 in the World

Guatemala

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

2,626

#63 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

32,000

#90 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

835

#115 in the World

Guinea

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

43,685

#38 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

2,916,395

#25 in the World

Guinea-Bissau

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

5,224

#57 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

198,000

#64 in the World

Haiti

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

960

#68 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

172,000

#68 in the World

Honduras

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,284

#61 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

65,634

#82 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,244

#111 in the World

India

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

17,731,050

#2 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

178,305,000

#2 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

107,590,000

#2 in the World

Indonesia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

299

#73 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

54,649,202

#4 in the World

Iran

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

145,367

#27 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

2,000,000

#28 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

15,000,000

#12 in the World

Iraq

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,689

#60 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

464,159

#48 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

6,238,392

#22 in the World

Israel

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

14,873

#48 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

116,691

#79 in the World

Ivory Coast

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

490,442

#13 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,481,182

#31 in the World

Kazakhstan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

326,582

#18 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

556,775

#45 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

14,257,950

#14 in the World

Kenya

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

6,168

#54 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

180,890

#66 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

404,700

#65 in the World

Kyrgyzstan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

72,774

#37 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

44,474

#87 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

629,052

#59 in the World

Laos

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

5,439

#55 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

3,687,336

#21 in the World

Madagascar

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

14,513

#49 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

4,232,000

#20 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,000

#114 in the World

Malawi

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

19,530

#45 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

145,446

#73 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

697

#117 in the World

Mali

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

147,200

#25 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

3,010,027

#24 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

37,124

#88 in the World

Mexico

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

674,706

#11 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

295,338

#56 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,986,689

#33 in the World

Morocco

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

220

#75 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

46,275

#86 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,561,898

#38 in the World

Mozambique

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

89,454

#34 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

137,243

#75 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

15,000

#94 in the World

Myanmar

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

308,953

#20 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

25,100,000

#7 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

111,215

#80 in the World

Nepal

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

134

#77 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

5,550,878

#15 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,185,289

#39 in the World

Nicaragua

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

4,854

#58 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

476,992

#47 in the World

Niger

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

9,611

#51 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

179,382

#67 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

4,276

#104 in the World

Nigeria

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

282,026

#22 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

8,172,000

#14 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

55,000

#87 in the World

North Korea

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

39,661

#40 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

2,113,019

#27 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

89,000

#83 in the World

Pakistan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,454,334

#5 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

8,419,276

#13 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

25,247,511

#7 in the World

Paraguay

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

29,040

#42 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,187,768

#37 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,302,870

#46 in the World

People's Republic of China

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

29,500,000

#1 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

211,860,000

#1 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

134,250,000

#1 in the World

Peru

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

19,273

#46 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

3,436,637

#22 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

187,851

#73 in the World

Philippines

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

7

#82 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

19,294,856

#8 in the World

Saint Kitts and Nevis

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1

#83 in the World

Senegal

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

20,163

#44 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,349,723

#33 in the World

Somalia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

7,163

#53 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,183

#108 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,043

#112 in the World

South Africa

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

118,070

#30 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

3,076

#102 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,109,100

#41 in the World

Sudan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

320,553

#19 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

34,133

#89 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

750,821

#57 in the World

Syria

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

90,483

#33 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

2,848,472

#35 in the World

Tajikistan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

401,366

#15 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

99,000

#78 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

846,000

#54 in the World

Tanzania

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

301,704

#21 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

4,528,000

#19 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

77,000

#85 in the World

Thailand

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,192

#62 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

30,231,025

#6 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,423

#110 in the World

The Gambia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

543

#72 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

28,000

#93 in the World

Togo

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

102,499

#31 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

160,000

#70 in the World

Tunisia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1,947

#65 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,042,000

#49 in the World

Turkey

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

1,773,646

#7 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

980,000

#40 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

20,500,000

#10 in the World

Turkmenistan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

636,360

#12 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

150,000

#72 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

1,320,000

#45 in the World

Uganda

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

127,768

#28 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

200,000

#63 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

25,000

#91 in the World

United States of America

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

9,737,277

#3 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

10,322,990

#11 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

49,690,680

#4 in the World

Uzbekistan

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

3,063,998

#6 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

293,451

#57 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

6,157,844

#23 in the World

Venezuela

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

2,396

#64 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

429,179

#50 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

684

#118 in the World

Vietnam

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

72

#80 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

42,758,897

#5 in the World

Yemen

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

10,260

#50 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

100,860

#82 in the World

Zambia

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

41,441

#39 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

34,630

#88 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

191,620

#72 in the World

Zimbabwe

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COTTON PRODUCTIONhelp

93,390

#32 in the World

RICE PRODUCTIONhelp

1,336

#106 in the World

WHEAT PRODUCTIONhelp

150,000

#75 in the World