Native American Population

There were about five hundred different Indian nations in the now-United States when Europeans first landed in North America. This includes both what settlers called “Indians” (in the mainland United States) and Alaska natives. The category of Native Americans does not include those indigenous to Hawaii, Samoa, and the Mariana Islands. However, largely due to war and disease, the Native American population decreased to around 300,000 in 1900.

Early in United States history, the legal status of Native Americans as citizens was ubiquitous at best. However, in the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, all Native Americans born in the United States who had not yet obtained citizenship were declared to be United States citizens. This allowed the Native American population to vote in state and federal elections and provided protections under the Fourteenth Amendment.

In 2012, the Census Bureau estimated there to be about 5.2 million Native Americans in the United States, or 2% of the total population. 

See for yourself how the Native American population has changed by examining the data in the charts.

Total Native Population by State

Alabama

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

33,625

#25 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

5,039,877

#24 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

264,047

#32 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

99.51

#28 in the US

Alaska

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

111,575

#9 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

732,673

#49 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

49,824

#45 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

1.28

#51 in the US

Arizona

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

319,512

#3 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

7,276,316

#14 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

2,192,253

#6 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

64.02

#33 in the US

Arkansas

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

27,177

#33 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,025,891

#34 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

256,847

#33 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

58.19

#35 in the US

California

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

631,016

#1 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

39,237,836

#1 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

15,579,652

#1 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

251.75

#12 in the US

Colorado

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

74,129

#13 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

5,812,069

#21 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,263,390

#8 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

56.08

#38 in the US

Connecticut

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

16,051

#40 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,605,597

#29 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

623,293

#18 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

744.56

#5 in the US

Delaware

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

5,148

#46 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,003,384

#46 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

104,290

#41 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

514.94

#7 in the US

District of Columbia

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

3,193

#49 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

670,050

#50 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

77,652

#42 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

10,961.85

#1 in the US

Florida

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

94,795

#11 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

21,781,128

#3 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

5,697,240

#3 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

405.98

#9 in the US

Georgia

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

50,618

#20 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

10,799,566

#8 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,123,457

#9 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

187.11

#18 in the US

Hawaii

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

4,370

#47 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,441,553

#41 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

138,923

#39 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

224.46

#14 in the US

Idaho

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

25,621

#35 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,900,923

#39 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

239,407

#34 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

23

#45 in the US

Illinois

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

96,498

#10 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

12,671,469

#6 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

2,337,410

#5 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

228.26

#13 in the US

Indiana

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

26,086

#34 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

6,805,985

#17 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

554,191

#21 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

189.97

#17 in the US

Iowa

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

14,486

#41 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,193,079

#32 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

215,986

#36 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

57.17

#37 in the US

Kansas

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

30,995

#29 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

2,934,582

#36 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

382,603

#27 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

35.89

#42 in the US

Kentucky

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

12,801

#43 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

4,509,394

#26 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

207,854

#37 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

114.19

#24 in the US

Louisiana

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

31,657

#27 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

4,624,047

#25 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

322,549

#30 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

107.01

#27 in the US

Maine

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

7,885

#44 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,372,247

#43 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

26,609

#50 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

44.49

#39 in the US

Maryland

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

31,845

#26 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

6,165,129

#19 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

729,745

#17 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

634.85

#6 in the US

Massachusetts

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

24,018

#37 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

6,984,723

#15 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

887,685

#16 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

895.37

#4 in the US

Michigan

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

61,261

#17 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

10,050,811

#10 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

564,422

#20 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

177.55

#19 in the US

Minnesota

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

68,641

#14 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

5,707,390

#22 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

345,640

#29 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

71.68

#31 in the US

Mississippi

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

16,450

#39 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

2,949,965

#35 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

105,220

#40 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

62.87

#34 in the US

Missouri

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

30,518

#31 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

6,168,187

#18 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

303,068

#31 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

89.72

#29 in the US

Montana

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

67,612

#15 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,104,271

#44 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

45,199

#46 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

7.59

#49 in the US

Nebraska

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

23,102

#38 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,963,692

#38 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

234,715

#35 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

25.56

#44 in the US

Nevada

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

43,932

#21 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,143,991

#33 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

890,257

#15 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

28.62

#43 in the US

New Hampshire

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

3,031

#50 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,388,992

#42 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

59,454

#43 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

155.13

#22 in the US

New Jersey

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

51,186

#19 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

9,267,130

#11 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

2,002,575

#7 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

1,260.03

#2 in the US

New Mexico

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

212,241

#5 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

2,115,877

#37 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,010,811

#13 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

17.44

#46 in the US

New York

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

149,690

#6 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

19,835,913

#4 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

3,948,032

#4 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

420.94

#8 in the US

North Carolina

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

130,032

#7 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

10,551,162

#9 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,118,596

#10 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

217

#16 in the US

North Dakota

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

38,914

#24 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

774,948

#48 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

33,412

#49 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

11.23

#47 in the US

Ohio

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

30,720

#30 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

11,780,017

#7 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

521,308

#22 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

288.31

#11 in the US

Oklahoma

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

332,791

#2 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,986,639

#28 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

471,931

#25 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

58.12

#36 in the US

Oregon

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

62,993

#16 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

4,246,155

#27 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

588,757

#19 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

44.23

#40 in the US

Pennsylvania

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

31,052

#28 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

12,964,056

#5 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,049,615

#12 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

289.75

#10 in the US

Rhode Island

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

7,385

#45 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,095,610

#45 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

182,101

#38 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

1,059.7

#3 in the US

South Carolina

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

24,303

#36 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

5,190,705

#23 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

352,838

#28 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

172.65

#20 in the US

South Dakota

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

77,748

#12 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

895,376

#47 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

38,741

#47 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

11.81

#48 in the US

Tennessee

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

28,044

#32 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

6,975,218

#16 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

479,187

#24 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

169.17

#21 in the US

Texas

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

278,948

#4 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

29,527,941

#2 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

11,441,717

#2 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

113.02

#25 in the US

Utah

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

41,644

#22 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

3,337,975

#30 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

492,912

#23 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

40.52

#41 in the US

Vermont

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

2,289

#51 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

645,570

#51 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

15,504

#51 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

70.04

#32 in the US

Virginia

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

40,007

#23 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

8,642,274

#12 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

908,749

#14 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

218.89

#15 in the US

Washington

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

121,468

#8 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

7,738,692

#13 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

1,059,213

#11 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

116.45

#23 in the US

West Virginia

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

3,706

#48 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

1,782,959

#40 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

34,827

#48 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

74.16

#30 in the US

Wisconsin

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

60,428

#18 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

5,895,908

#20 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

447,290

#26 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

108.85

#26 in the US

Wyoming

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TOTAL NATIVE POPULATIONhelp

13,898

#42 in the US

TOTAL POPULATIONhelp

578,803

#52 in the US

HISPANIC OR LATINO POPULATIONhelp

59,046

#44 in the US

POPULATION DENSITYhelp

5.96

#50 in the US