Employment Rate by State

As of July 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the United States

returned to the rate of employment that existed prior to the Coronavirus pandemic. Down from an unemployment rate of 14.7% in April 2020, the national rate of unemployment fell to 3.5%. 

The employment rate is forever married to the rate of a state’s unemployment and based on the numbers that the two percentages represent, one can get a clear picture of the number of people who can be employed in that state. Just as being employed means that someone has a job through which they’re paid, unemployment means that a person is available to work but lacks a paid job. 

People lack a paid job for numerous reasons. People who are able to work but are fired are considered to be unemployed. People who are injured at work and can’t come in because of it are likewise considered to be unemployed, and there are many other instances that cause unemployment to occur. 

Generally speaking, the states with the highest number of people also have the largest labor forces. This high quantity of people in the labor force often translates directly to a high employment rate. These states also have relatively low percentages of unemployment, but due to their large populations, they often have the highest total numbers of unemployed people. 

To learn more about the employment rate by state, explore the data in the charts.

Employment Rate by State

Alabama - Employment Rate

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EMPLOYMENT RATEhelp

55.6%

#45 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

2,293,693

#24 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

58,913

#29 in the US

Alaska - Employment Rate

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63.1%

#12 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

361,918

#48 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

16,661

#45 in the US

Arizona - Employment Rate

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58.9%

#34 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,595,506

#15 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

125,050

#15 in the US

Arkansas - Employment Rate

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55.1%

#46 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,354,290

#34 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

45,636

#32 in the US

California - Employment Rate

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59.6%

#30 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

19,348,044

#1 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

783,822

#1 in the US

Colorado - Employment Rate

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66.9%

#6 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,257,886

#18 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

111,878

#18 in the US

Connecticut - Employment Rate

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61.8%

#16 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,905,529

#28 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

77,702

#23 in the US

Delaware - Employment Rate

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58.4%

#35 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

500,666

#45 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

22,331

#42 in the US

District of Columbia - Employment Rate

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68.6%

#1 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

385,046

#47 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

19,816

#44 in the US

Florida - Employment Rate

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57.4%

#39 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

10,705,514

#3 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

292,609

#4 in the US

Georgia - Employment Rate

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60.5%

#26 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

5,278,849

#8 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

149,654

#11 in the US

Hawaii - Employment Rate

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58.1%

#36 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

678,994

#41 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

27,354

#39 in the US

Idaho - Employment Rate

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60.8%

#27 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

956,796

#37 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

25,697

#40 in the US

Illinois - Employment Rate

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61.7%

#17 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

6,458,390

#5 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

290,027

#5 in the US

Indiana - Employment Rate

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61.5%

#18 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,401,743

#16 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

95,218

#20 in the US

Iowa - Employment Rate

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65.8%

#8 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,709,545

#31 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

44,698

#34 in the US

Kansas - Employment Rate

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64.9%

#9 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,501,107

#33 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

38,170

#36 in the US

Kentucky - Employment Rate

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55.9%

#47 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

2,062,996

#27 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

78,292

#22 in the US

Louisiana - Employment Rate

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56.7%

#44 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

2,096,105

#26 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

73,895

#26 in the US

Maine - Employment Rate

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57.1%

#40 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

676,897

#42 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

21,092

#43 in the US

Maryland - Employment Rate

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63%

#13 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,226,267

#19 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

138,107

#13 in the US

Massachusetts - Employment Rate

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63.5%

#14 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,762,959

#14 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

134,742

#14 in the US

Michigan - Employment Rate

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57.4%

#41 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

4,858,848

#10 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

200,680

#8 in the US

Minnesota - Employment Rate

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67.1%

#3 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,082,333

#21 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

58,258

#30 in the US

Mississippi - Employment Rate

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53.3%

#50 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,265,752

#35 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

45,237

#33 in the US

Missouri - Employment Rate

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61.3%

#19 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,051,614

#22 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

76,156

#24 in the US

Montana - Employment Rate

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61%

#20 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

567,249

#44 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

15,868

#47 in the US

Nebraska - Employment Rate

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68.7%

#2 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,063,182

#36 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

22,363

#41 in the US

Nevada - Employment Rate

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57.2%

#42 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,527,090

#32 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

66,464

#28 in the US

New Hampshire - Employment Rate

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64.1%

#10 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

769,176

#40 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

15,542

#48 in the US

New Jersey - Employment Rate

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60.3%

#28 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

4,693,253

#11 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

188,221

#9 in the US

New Mexico - Employment Rate

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54%

#49 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

946,604

#38 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

41,821

#35 in the US

New York - Employment Rate

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57.2%

#43 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

9,542,654

#4 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

445,097

#3 in the US

North Carolina - Employment Rate

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58.4%

#37 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

5,124,349

#9 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

179,521

#10 in the US

North Dakota - Employment Rate

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67.5%

#4 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

408,906

#46 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

9,277

#50 in the US

Ohio - Employment Rate

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EMPLOYMENT RATEhelp

59.5%

#31 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

5,787,036

#7 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

228,949

#7 in the US

Oklahoma - Employment Rate

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59%

#32 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,882,148

#29 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

57,484

#31 in the US

Oregon - Employment Rate

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61.2%

#21 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

2,206,930

#25 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

81,977

#21 in the US

Pennsylvania - Employment Rate

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58.8%

#38 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

6,447,729

#6 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

272,464

#6 in the US

Rhode Island - Employment Rate

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61.4%

#22 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

575,093

#43 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

16,348

#46 in the US

South Carolina - Employment Rate

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55.6%

#48 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

2,394,720

#23 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

74,521

#25 in the US

South Dakota - Employment Rate

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67.2%

#5 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

47,838

#51 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

11,000

#49 in the US

Tennessee - Employment Rate

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59.1%

#33 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,399,015

#17 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

114,679

#16 in the US

Texas - Employment Rate

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61.1%

#23 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

14,595,814

#2 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

594,584

#2 in the US

Utah - Employment Rate

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66.7%

#7 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

1,735,513

#30 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

35,505

#37 in the US

Vermont - Employment Rate

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60.1%

#29 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

336,176

#49 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

6,995

#52 in the US

Virginia - Employment Rate

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61.9%

#24 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

4,346,828

#12 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

114,105

#17 in the US

Washington - Employment Rate

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62.7%

#15 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

4,020,402

#13 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

149,242

#12 in the US

West Virginia - Employment Rate

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53.2%

#51 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

796,918

#39 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

30,979

#38 in the US

Wisconsin - Employment Rate

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64.6%

#11 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

3,125,558

#20 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

96,262

#19 in the US

Wyoming - Employment Rate

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EMPLOYMENT RATEhelp

61.6%

#25 in the US

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCEhelp

289,642

#50 in the US

UNEMPLOYED POPULATIONhelp

9,071

#51 in the US

-

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0%

#52 in the US