Concealed Carry Reciprocity States

Map

Table

Introduction

Even though the Second Amendment protects the right to bear arms, states still have laws on the books that limits who can possess a firearm. One type of law used by every state regards the concealed carry of firearms. 

While each state’s concealed carry law will differ slightly, these laws fall into one of three categories: ‘shall issue’, ‘may issue’, and ‘constitutional carry’. Shall issue states are those where the state must grant the applicant a license so long as they meet all requirements for obtaining a license (such as passing a background check); may issue states are those where the state may still not issue a license even if the applicant meets all the statutory requirements. Finally, constitutional carry states are those where one does not need a license to carry a concealed firearm.

Nearly every state has also enacted some sort of law relating to concealed carry reciprocity. This is when a person who has obtained a concealed carry license in another state is allowed to carry a concealed firearm in that state. The reciprocity status of other states is at the discretion of the individual states and their legislature.

Learn more about concealed carry reciprocity states by exploring the data in the charts.

StateConcealed Carry Reciprocity StatusOpen Carry LawsConcealed Carry LawsGun Ownership Rate
AlaskaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required57.2%
ArizonaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required36.4%
ArkansasConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required51.8%
IdahoConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required57.8%
IowaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required38.5%
KansasConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required42.3%
KentuckyConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required52.5%
MaineConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required47.7%
MississippiConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required54.1%
MissouriConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required52.8%
MontanaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required65.7%
New HampshireConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required46.3%
North DakotaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required for Residents53.3%
OklahomaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required54.9%
South DakotaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required55.6%
TennesseeConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required46.9%
TexasConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required35.5%
UtahConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required39.7%
VermontConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required50.3%
West VirginiaConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required60.6%
WyomingConstitutional CarryAllowedNo Permit Required60.7%
CaliforniaMay IssueProhibitedPermit Required16.3%
ConnecticutMay IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required18.8%
DelawareMay IssueAllowedPermit Required38.7%
HawaiiMay IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required9.1%
MarylandMay IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required16.7%
MassachusettsMay IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required9.9%
New JerseyMay IssueProhibitedPermit Required8.9%
New YorkMay IssueProhibitedPermit Required14.5%
OhioMay IssueAllowedNo Permit Required41.9%
AlabamaShall IssueAllowedNo Permit Required52.8%
ColoradoShall IssueAllowedPermit Required37.9%
FloridaShall IssueProhibitedPermit Required28.8%
GeorgiaShall IssueAllowedNo Permit Required37.7%
IllinoisShall IssueProhibitedPermit Required22.6%
IndianaShall IssueAllowedNo Permit Required42.4%
LouisianaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required52.3%
MichiganShall IssueAllowedPermit Required38.9%
MinnesotaShall IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required39.1%
NebraskaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required39.2%
NevadaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required32.9%
New MexicoShall IssueAllowedPermit Required35.9%
North CarolinaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required37.1%
OregonShall IssueAllowedPermit Required41.4%
PennsylvaniaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required40.2%
Rhode IslandShall IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required13.9%
South CarolinaShall IssuePermit RequiredPermit Required45.5%
VirginiaShall IssueAllowedPermit Required35.3%
WashingtonShall IssueAllowedPermit Required32.1%
WisconsinShall IssueAllowedPermit Required47.1%

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status by State

Alabama

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Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

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Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

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Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#10

Gun Ownership Rate

Alaska

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#5

Gun Ownership Rate

Arizona

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#35

Gun Ownership Rate

Arkansas

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#14

Gun Ownership Rate

California

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Prohibited

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#45

Gun Ownership Rate

Colorado

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#32

Gun Ownership Rate

Connecticut

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#43

Gun Ownership Rate

Delaware

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#30

Gun Ownership Rate

Florida

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Prohibited

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#41

Gun Ownership Rate

Georgia

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#33

Gun Ownership Rate

Hawaii

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#49

Gun Ownership Rate

Idaho

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#4

Gun Ownership Rate

Illinois

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Prohibited

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#42

Gun Ownership Rate

Indiana

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#21

Gun Ownership Rate

Iowa

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#31

Gun Ownership Rate

Kansas

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#22

Gun Ownership Rate

Kentucky

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#12

Gun Ownership Rate

Louisiana

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#13

Gun Ownership Rate

Maine

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#16

Gun Ownership Rate

Maryland

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#44

Gun Ownership Rate

Massachusetts

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#48

Gun Ownership Rate

Michigan

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#29

Gun Ownership Rate

Minnesota

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#28

Gun Ownership Rate

Mississippi

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#8

Gun Ownership Rate

Missouri

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#11

Gun Ownership Rate

Montana

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#1

Gun Ownership Rate

Nebraska

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#27

Gun Ownership Rate

Nevada

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#39

Gun Ownership Rate

New Hampshire

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#19

Gun Ownership Rate

New Jersey

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Prohibited

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#50

Gun Ownership Rate

New Mexico

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#36

Gun Ownership Rate

New York

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Prohibited

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#46

Gun Ownership Rate

North Carolina

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#34

Gun Ownership Rate

North Dakota

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required for Residents

Ranked in the US

#9

Gun Ownership Rate

Ohio

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

May Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#23

Gun Ownership Rate

Oklahoma

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#7

Gun Ownership Rate

Oregon

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#24

Gun Ownership Rate

Pennsylvania

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#25

Gun Ownership Rate

Rhode Island

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#47

Gun Ownership Rate

South Carolina

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Permit Required

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#20

Gun Ownership Rate

South Dakota

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#6

Gun Ownership Rate

Tennessee

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#18

Gun Ownership Rate

Texas

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#37

Gun Ownership Rate

Utah

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#26

Gun Ownership Rate

Vermont

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#15

Gun Ownership Rate

Virginia

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#38

Gun Ownership Rate

Washington

See more

add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#40

Gun Ownership Rate

West Virginia

See more

add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#3

Gun Ownership Rate

Wisconsin

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Shall Issue

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#17

Gun Ownership Rate

Wyoming

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add_circle

Concealed Carry Reciprocity Status

help

Constitutional Carry

Open Carry Laws

help

Allowed

No Permit Required

Ranked in the US

#2

Gun Ownership Rate

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