Minimum Working Age by State

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Table

Introduction

Child Labor Laws were first introduced in the United States in 1938, which essentially determine the minimum working age of a citizen of that state. The age requirement, then, is intended to protect children from being wrongfully taken advantage of. Although there is a Federal minimum working age set through the Fair Labor and Standards Act, the minimum age required to work varies by state and is laden with exceptions which usually relate to parental consent. However, exceptions are also made for the minimum working age regarding whether or not the child or adolescent is working during or after school hours. For instance, to work during school hours people have to be 16 years of age in most states. However, in Illinois, you only have to be 12 years of age, and in Nevada and North Dakota, you only have to be 14. On the opposite end of the spectrum, Washington and Wisconsin have some of the highest age requirements for working during school hours, at 18 years of age.

StateMinimun Working AgeMinimum Driving AgeMinimum Marriage Age ( parental consent)Legal Age a Child Can be Left Alone
California18 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 MonthsNo Minimum Age
Hawaii18 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 15 Years OldNo Minimum Age
New Hampshire18 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 14 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Washington18 Years Old15 Years Old 17 Years Old10 Years Old
Wisconsin18 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Alaska16 Years Old14 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Arizona16 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Arkansas16 Years Old14 Years Old 17 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Colorado16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years Old12 Years Old
Connecticut16 Years Old16 Years Old 18 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Idaho16 Years Old14 Years Old, 6 Months 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Maine16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Minnesota16 Years Old15 Years Old 18 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Missouri16 Years Old15 Years Old 15 Years OldNo Minimum Age
New Jersey16 Years Old16 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
New Mexico16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years Old10 Years Old
New York16 Years Old16 Years Old 18 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Ohio16 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 17 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Oregon16 Years Old15 Years Old 17 Years Old10 Years Old
South Carolina16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Utah16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Vermont16 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Virginia16 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 16 Years OldNo Minimum Age
Nevada14 Years Old15 Years Old, 6 Months 17 Years OldNo Minimum Age
North Dakota14 Years Old14 Years Old 16 Years Old9 Years Old
Illinois12 Years Old15 Years Old 16 Years Old14 Years Old

Minimun Working Age by State

Alaska

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Minimun Working Age

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16 Years Old

14 Years Old

Arizona

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

Arkansas

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Minimun Working Age

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16 Years Old

14 Years Old

California

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Minimun Working Age

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18 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

Colorado

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Connecticut

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16 Years Old

16 Years Old

Hawaii

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18 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

Idaho

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16 Years Old

14 Years Old, 6 Months

Illinois

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12 Years Old

15 Years Old

Maine

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Minnesota

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Missouri

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Nevada

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14 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

New Hampshire

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18 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

New Jersey

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16 Years Old

16 Years Old

New Mexico

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

New York

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16 Years Old

16 Years Old

North Dakota

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14 Years Old

14 Years Old

Ohio

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

Oregon

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

South Carolina

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Utah

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Vermont

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old

Virginia

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16 Years Old

15 Years Old, 6 Months

Washington

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18 Years Old

15 Years Old

Wisconsin

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18 Years Old

15 Years Old

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