Right To Work States

Right-to-Work laws exist in more than half of U.S. states. A Right-to-Work law protects workers from being automatically compelled to join a union and pay union dues. Whereas a Worker Union helps secure good wages and safe workplace conditions, Right-to-Work laws give employees the choice to opt out of what would be an otherwise compulsory unionized job. Essentially, Right-to-Work laws protect a worker’s freedom of choice. 

Specifically, these laws protect individual workers from having to participate in collective actions, such as organizing a labor union or being represented by a union. The reason why Right-to-Work has been adopted by law in some places is that in states without Right-to-Work laws in place, workers applying for a job where the employees are unionized are required to join their labor union as a requirement of being hired. 

An employee might not want to join a union for a number of reasons. If the employee values the freedom to negotiate what they’re paid on their own behalf, they may not desire to join a union functioning in their workplace. If they joined, the union would negotiate their wage for them and, in some limited scenarios, it could potentially cost them their job. For example, if a union negotiates for a higher wage successfully, a business may terminate a number of employees to account for the rise in the cost of payroll. 

To learn more about right-to-work laws, scroll the data in the charts.

Right-to-Work Law by State

Alabama

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Alaska

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Arizona

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Arkansas

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

California

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Colorado

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Connecticut

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Delaware

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Florida

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Georgia

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Hawaii

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Idaho

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Illinois

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Indiana

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Iowa

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do_not_disturb_on

RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Kansas

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Kentucky

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Louisiana

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Maine

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Maryland

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Massachusetts

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Michigan

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Minnesota

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do_not_disturb_on

RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Mississippi

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Missouri

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Montana

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

No

Nebraska

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Nevada

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

New Hampshire

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

New Jersey

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

New Mexico

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

New York

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

North Carolina

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

North Dakota

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Ohio

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Oklahoma

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Oregon

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Pennsylvania

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Rhode Island

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do_not_disturb_on

RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

South Carolina

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

South Dakota

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Tennessee

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Texas

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Utah

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Vermont

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Virginia

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Washington

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

No

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

West Virginia

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Wisconsin

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes

Wyoming

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RIGHT-TO-WORK LAWhelp

Yes

AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT STATUShelp

Yes