Most Mountainous Countries

Mountains, naturally elevated parts of the earth caused by tectonic plates colliding and pushing each other up, make up about 24% of the surface of the earth. This includes tourist destinations such as the Alps, the Andes, and Himalayas. Mountains provide terrain and scenes ideal for hiking, skiing, and climbing.

There are three ways to find the most mountainous countries. First would be the countries with the highest mountains; for example, Mount Everest (the highest mountain in the world) has an elevation of 29,032 feet (or 8,849 meters). Next is those with the longest mountain ranges, such as the Andes Mountains which are about 5,500 miles long (8,900 kilometers). Finally, countries with the greatest percentage of surface area taken up by mountains.

Countries with Most Mountains

The most mountainous countries are largely those that are within central and south east Asia with a few exceptions. Bhutan, for example, a nation that is next to Nepal, Tibet, and India, is the most mountainous country, which makes sense as the nation situated on the Himalayan mountain range, thus 98.8% of its land is mountainous. Other countries with the most mountains are,Tajikistan, a central Asian country, with 91.9% of its land mass being mountainous. Next is Kyrgyzstan, also a central Asian nation that borders Tajikistan, land mass is 90.7% mountainous. Lesotho, a small African nation that is located inside South Africa, has a very mountainous landscape covering some 90.5% of the nation’s territory. Montenegro, a small European nation that borders Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Serbia, is notorious for its rugged landscape seeing mountains consume around 89.3% of the country. These are some of the countries with the most mountains in the world.

7 Highest Mountains in the world

Mountains are elevated portions of the earth’s crust and are formed by tectonic forces, erosion or volcanism. The world has various gloriously large mountains but some are so huge in size that they dwarf many things that us humans consider great feats of engineering and height, like the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building, being completely dwarfed in size by Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world located in Nepal and China, that is 8,849 m compared to 828 m of the Burj Khalifa. The second highest mountain in the world is K2 which sits at 8,611 m above sea level and is found in Pakistan’s administered Kashmir. The third highest mountain in the world is Kangchenjunga, part of the Himalayan mountain range sitting 8,586 m above sea level. The fourth highest mountain in the world is Lhotse at 8,516 m and can be found at the border between Tibet and Nepal. The fifth highest mountain in the world is Makalu sitting at 8,481 m above sea level and is also a part of the Himalayan mountain range. The sixth highest mountain in the world is Cho Oyu with a height of 8,188 m above sea level and is also located in the Himalayan mountain range. The seventh highest mountain in the world is Manaslu at 8,163 m and is, once again, found in the Himalayan mountain range.

Longest Mountain Range in the World

Mountain ranges come in all shapes and sizes, some incredibly small like the Sutter Buttes in California, United States, that only encompasses some 625 m and yet has a height of 647 m, this range is often referred to as the smallest in the world. The longest mountain range in the world however is the mid-ocean ridge, which is below sea level, and stretches around the globe spanning 40,389 miles. The longest mountain range in the world, above sea level, is the Andes with a range of 5,530 miles long and found in South America, more specifically, extending through seven nations: Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

Learn for yourself about the most mountainous countries by looking at the map and charts.

Longest Mountain Range in the World by Country

Afghanistan - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

4.15%

#8 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

652,230

#40 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#155 in the World

Angola - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#18 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

1,246,700

#22 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

1,600

#53 in the World

Argentina - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.12%

#21 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

2,736,690

#8 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

4,989

#20 in the World

Australia - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Great Dividing Range

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#24 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

7,692,020

#6 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

25,760

#6 in the World

Bhutan - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

10.87%

#5 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

38,140

#133 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#161 in the World

Bolivia - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

17.23%

#3 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

1,083,300

#27 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#162 in the World

Canada - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Rocky Mountains

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#45 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

8,965,590

#4 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

202,080

#1 in the World

Chile - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.18%

#49 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

743,532

#37 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

6,435

#16 in the World

Colombia - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

22.68%

#2 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

1,109,500

#26 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

3,208

#31 in the World

Ecuador - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

25.04%

#1 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

248,360

#77 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

2,237

#46 in the World

Eswatini - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#67 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

17,200

#156 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#168 in the World

India - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.05%

#89 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

2,973,190

#7 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

7,000

#15 in the World

Kazakhstan - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Ural Mountains

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.02%

#102 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

2,699,700

#9 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#171 in the World

Lesotho - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

2.54%

#11 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

30,360

#137 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#175 in the World

Myanmar - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.01%

#131 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

652,670

#39 in the World

Namibia - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#132 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

823,290

#33 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

1,572

#54 in the World

Nepal - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.77%

#134 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

143,350

#93 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#182 in the World

Pakistan - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.16%

#146 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

770,880

#35 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

1,046

#68 in the World

People's Republic of China - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Himalayas

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.36%

#151 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

9,388,210

#2 in the World

Peru - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

4.85%

#10 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

1,280,000

#19 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

2,414

#43 in the World

Russia - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Ural Mountains

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.02%

#159 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

16,376,870

#1 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

37,653

#3 in the World

South Africa - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#178 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

1,213,090

#24 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

2,798

#35 in the World

United States of America - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Rocky Mountains

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.04%

#203 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

9,147,420

#3 in the World

Venezuela - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Andes

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0.09%

#209 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

882,050

#32 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

2,800

#34 in the World

Zimbabwe - Longest Mountain Range in the World

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Southern Great Escarpment

POPULATION LIVING IN HIGH ALTITUDEShelp

0%

#213 in the World

LAND AREAhelp

386,850

#60 in the World

COASTLINE LENGTHhelp

0

#196 in the World