States With Stand Your Ground Laws

Stand Your Ground laws are an expansion of a common law principle called the Castle Doctrine. This doctrine asserts that individuals have the right to reasonable force—which includes use of deadly force, in some instances—to protect themselves against home intruders. The expansion of this principle into codified law gave rise to Stand Your Grounds laws. 

In recent collective memory, Florida’s stand your ground law infamously made the news cycle in 2012, after George Zimmerman fatally shot Trayvon Martin and was not arrested for murder because of Florida’s stand your ground law. Florida’s law states that a person does not have a duty to retreat, and they have the right to stand their ground if “he or she reasonably believes it is necessary to do so to prevent death… or to prevent the commission of a forcible felony.”

Many states have variants of the stand your ground law, however. For instance, a majority of states have laws saying that there is no duty for a citizen to retreat from an area in which they’re lawfully present. Of those states, a handful of them explicitly mention that one has the right to stand his or her ground. Of those, an even smaller group of states permit the use of deadly force. In nearly half of the states, however, self-defense laws provide civil immunity for citizens in certain self-defense scenarios. 

Learn more about states with stand your ground laws by exploring the data in the charts. 

Stand Your Ground States by State

Alabama - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,141

#16 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

23.6

#4 in the US

Alaska - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

175

#41 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

23.5

#5 in the US

Arizona - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,265

#12 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

16.7

#19 in the US

Arkansas - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

673

#26 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

22.6

#7 in the US

California - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

3,449

#2 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

8.5

#42 in the US

Colorado - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

922

#19 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

15.4

#22 in the US

Connecticut - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

219

#39 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

6

#45 in the US

Delaware - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

135

#44 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

14.4

#24 in the US

District of Columbia - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

Florida - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

3,041

#3 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.7

#28 in the US

Georgia - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,897

#4 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

17.7

#15 in the US

Hawaii - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

50

#50 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

3.4

#49 in the US

Idaho - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

321

#36 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

17.6

#16 in the US

Illinois - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,745

#7 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

14.1

#25 in the US

Indiana - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,159

#15 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

17.3

#17 in the US

Iowa - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

351

#34 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

11.2

#37 in the US

Kansas - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

494

#30 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

16.9

#20 in the US

Kentucky - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

902

#20 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

20.1

#11 in the US

Louisiana - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,183

#13 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

26.3

#2 in the US

Maine - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

153

#43 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

10.4

#39 in the US

Maryland - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

803

#24 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.5

#29 in the US

Massachusetts - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

268

#37 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

3.7

#50 in the US

Michigan - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,454

#10 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

14.6

#26 in the US

Minnesota - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

513

#29 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

8.9

#43 in the US

Mississippi - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

818

#23 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

28.6

#1 in the US

Missouri - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,426

#11 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

23.9

#6 in the US

Montana - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

238

#38 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

20.9

#12 in the US

Nebraska - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

197

#40 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

10.1

#40 in the US

Nevada - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

547

#28 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

17

#18 in the US

New Hampshire - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

128

#45 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

8.9

#44 in the US

New Jersey - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

443

#32 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

5

#46 in the US

New Mexico - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

479

#31 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

22.7

#8 in the US

New York - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,052

#18 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

5.3

#47 in the US

North Carolina - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,699

#8 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

16

#21 in the US

North Dakota - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

100

#47 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.8

#30 in the US

Ohio - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,764

#5 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

15.2

#23 in the US

Oklahoma - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

826

#22 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

20.7

#13 in the US

Oregon - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

592

#27 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13

#31 in the US

Pennsylvania - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,752

#6 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.6

#32 in the US

Rhode Island - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

54

#49 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

5.1

#48 in the US

South Carolina - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,131

#17 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

22

#9 in the US

South Dakota - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

120

#46 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.6

#33 in the US

Tennessee - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

1,473

#9 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

21.3

#10 in the US

Texas - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

4,164

#1 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

14.2

#27 in the US

Utah - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

429

#33 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.6

#34 in the US

Vermont - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

76

#48 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

11.6

#38 in the US

Virginia - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

1,174

#14 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

13.4

#35 in the US

Washington - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

Yes

GUN DEATHShelp

864

#21 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

10.9

#41 in the US

West Virginia - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

325

#35 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

18.1

#14 in the US

Wisconsin - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

717

#25 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

12.2

#36 in the US

Wyoming - Stand Your Ground States

See less

do_not_disturb_on

STAND YOUR GROUND STATEShelp

No

GUN DEATHShelp

154

#42 in the US

GUN DEATH RATEhelp

25.9

#3 in the US