Incarceration Rates by Country

Incarceration is the state of being confined in a prison or jail, usually as punishment for a crime; while every country has some sort of prison system, the state of each is vastly different. A country’s incarceration rate is the number of people incarcerated per 100,000 people. However, a country’s total number of incarcerated persons may be examined, but it should be kept in mind that more populous countries will likely have a naturally higher number of persons incarcerated.

Incarceration rates can be difficult for a country to tackle. Some view high incarceration rates, or mass incarceration, as a civil rights issue that requires the government to adjust its laws and lower the number of persons incarcerated. On the other hand, some countries take a stricter approach and believe that any who commits a crime, no matter the crime, should be imprisoned as the law provides.

Some nations, which have historically persecuted certain groups, have seen the formerly oppressed groups make up large prison populations in their representative countries, making it a civil rights issue and can lead to an increased overall prison population. Some examples would be the overrepresentation of Black Ameircans in the US penal system and the increased incarceration rates of Indigenous groups in Australia. 

Learn for yourself about incarceration rates by country in the map and charts.

Incarceration Rate by Country

Albania

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

160.33

#45 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

3.4

#8 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

29.43

#52 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.12

#39 in the World

Andorra

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

64.71

#84 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

10.4

#17 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.59

#40 in the World

Angola

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

79.11

#73 in the World

Antigua and Barbuda

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

487.09

#5 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

63.8

#50 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

9.19

#20 in the World

Argentina

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

212.08

#24 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

1,068.8

#69 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

5.35

#29 in the World

Armenia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

66.38

#82 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

8.4

#15 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.75

#51 in the World

Australia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

164.4

#42 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.87

#67 in the World

Austria

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

94.24

#64 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

29.3

#38 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

31.97

#53 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.72

#68 in the World

Azerbaijan

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

213.35

#23 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

4.1

#9 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

3.07

#19 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.27

#41 in the World

Bangladesh

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

50.46

#88 in the World

Barbados

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

319.8

#10 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

70.4

#51 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0

#1 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

14.27

#15 in the World

Belgium

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

89.57

#67 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

36.45

#56 in the World

Belize

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

478.34

#6 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0.25

#2 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

25.65

#6 in the World

Bolivia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

148.25

#47 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

108.9

#57 in the World

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

132.04

#49 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

20

#33 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

27.52

#49 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.31

#52 in the World

Brazil

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

381.87

#7 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

560.5

#65 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

22.45

#7 in the World

Bulgaria

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

89.96

#68 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

16.9

#28 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

6.99

#27 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.99

#69 in the World

Cameroon

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

84.5

#71 in the World

Chile

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

224.51

#21 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

652

#66 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

2.08

#15 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

4.84

#31 in the World

Colombia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

189.23

#32 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

24.38

#45 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

22.64

#8 in the World

Costa Rica

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

308.08

#13 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

1,043

#68 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

61.5

#58 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

11.19

#17 in the World

Croatia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

86.01

#69 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

20.3

#34 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

13.11

#37 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.97

#70 in the World

Czech Republic

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

180.09

#33 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

13.5

#20 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

15.77

#38 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.72

#71 in the World

Denmark

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

71.92

#78 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

29.4

#39 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

66.87

#59 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.95

#72 in the World

Dominica

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

508.4

#3 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

119.8

#58 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

20.84

#9 in the World

Dominican Republic

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

254.35

#17 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

15.8

#25 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

8.86

#24 in the World

Ecuador

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

222.15

#22 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

448.1

#64 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

6.17

#28 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

7.78

#25 in the World

Estonia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

178.36

#35 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

6.11

#29 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

3.17

#33 in the World

Ethiopia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

95.68

#62 in the World

Finland

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

49.65

#89 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

32.6

#40 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

72.93

#61 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.64

#55 in the World

France

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

96.02

#61 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

43.8

#47 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

3.55

#20 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.35

#56 in the World

Germany

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

71.12

#79 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

43.2

#48 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

4.98

#22 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.93

#73 in the World

Greece

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

109.17

#58 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

41

#42 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

5.82

#26 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.75

#74 in the World

Grenada

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

315.5

#12 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

41.1

#43 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0

#5 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

12.44

#16 in the World

Guyana

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

237.36

#19 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

156.4

#60 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

4.7

#23 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

19.96

#10 in the World

Hong Kong

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

95.73

#63 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

2.8

#6 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.29

#75 in the World

Hungary

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

173.14

#36 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

6.5

#13 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

24.61

#46 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.83

#76 in the World

Iceland

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

41.32

#90 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

15.9

#26 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.47

#57 in the World

India

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

35.4

#93 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.95

#44 in the World

Indonesia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

91.05

#65 in the World

Ireland

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

77.16

#75 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

41.8

#44 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0.12

#6 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.69

#77 in the World

Italy

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

90.31

#66 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

41

#45 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

6.12

#30 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.47

#78 in the World

Ivory Coast

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

81.24

#72 in the World

Jamaica

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

125.53

#53 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

41.3

#46 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

1.11

#12 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

44.95

#1 in the World

Japan

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

36.78

#92 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.25

#79 in the World

Jordan

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

173.55

#37 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.2

#58 in the World

Kazakhstan

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

168.46

#39 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

11.68

#36 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

3.23

#34 in the World

Kenya

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

86.59

#70 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0.25

#7 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

3.46

#35 in the World

Latvia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

164.56

#43 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

9.65

#32 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

3.71

#36 in the World

Lebanon

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

79.34

#74 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.88

#60 in the World

Liechtenstein

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

167.82

#40 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

5.3

#12 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

26.22

#48 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.62

#45 in the World

Lithuania

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

195.42

#28 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

24.1

#36 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

20.24

#43 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

3.71

#37 in the World

Macau

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

238.4

#18 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

12.5

#18 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.31

#81 in the World

Madagascar

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

99.67

#60 in the World

Malawi

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

75.8

#76 in the World

Malaysia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

166.92

#41 in the World

Mali

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

37.14

#91 in the World

Malta

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

195.68

#29 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

39.5

#41 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

3.62

#21 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.59

#61 in the World

Mauritius

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

209.71

#25 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.75

#46 in the World

Mexico

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

163.77

#44 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

19.1

#41 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

28.37

#4 in the World

Mongolia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

172.59

#38 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

9.82

#33 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

5.98

#30 in the World

Montenegro

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

128.97

#52 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

15.1

#27 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

24.52

#47 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.87

#48 in the World

Morocco

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

230.26

#20 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

66.57

#60 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.24

#62 in the World

Netherlands

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

64.34

#85 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

50.5

#49 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

33.97

#54 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.62

#83 in the World

New Zealand

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

196.36

#27 in the World

Nigeria

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

30.26

#94 in the World

Norway

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

65.17

#83 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

16.4

#30 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0.74

#8 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.57

#84 in the World

Paraguay

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

197.74

#26 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

300.1

#63 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

6.74

#27 in the World

Peru

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

268.33

#15 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

4.86

#24 in the World

Philippines

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

151.09

#46 in the World

Poland

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

180.61

#34 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

17.1

#31 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

19.83

#42 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.7

#87 in the World

Portugal

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

112.8

#57 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

106.8

#56 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

1.51

#13 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.91

#88 in the World

Qatar

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

58.97

#86 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.42

#89 in the World

Romania

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

113.07

#56 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

17.9

#32 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

17.75

#40 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.46

#63 in the World

Russia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

330.87

#9 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

4.6

#11 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

21.11

#44 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

7.33

#26 in the World

Saint Lucia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

277.19

#14 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

0

#10 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

28.32

#5 in the World

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

638.14

#1 in the World

Serbia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

120.63

#54 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

13.6

#21 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

9.2

#34 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.02

#64 in the World

Singapore

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

192.43

#30 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

1

#4 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

15.69

#39 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.17

#90 in the World

Slovakia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

192.67

#31 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

7.5

#14 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

2.4

#17 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.15

#65 in the World

Slovenia

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

69.7

#81 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

12.2

#19 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

73.6

#62 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.53

#91 in the World

South Africa

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

260.4

#16 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

33.46

#3 in the World

South Korea

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

105.24

#59 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.6

#92 in the World

Spain

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

118.02

#55 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

140.9

#59 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

1.63

#14 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.64

#93 in the World

Suriname

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

141.49

#48 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

9.38

#21 in the World

Sweden

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

72.25

#77 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

90

#54 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

195.96

#63 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

1.23

#66 in the World

Switzerland

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

71.44

#80 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

21.8

#35 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

42.96

#57 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

0.54

#94 in the World

Tanzania

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

54.3

#87 in the World

Thailand

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

521.51

#2 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

9.53

#35 in the World

The Bahamas

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

368.98

#8 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

24.4

#37 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

35.6

#55 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

18.56

#13 in the World

Turkey

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

317.63

#11 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

13.1

#23 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

2.48

#49 in the World

United States of America

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INCARCERATION RATEhelp

506.16

#4 in the World

ROBBERY RATEhelp

81.4

#53 in the World

CORRUPTION OFFENCES RATEhelp

2.84

#18 in the World

INTENTIONAL HOMICIDE RATEhelp

6.52

#28 in the World

Venezuela

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do_not_disturb_on

INCARCERATION RATEhelp

132.03

#50 in the World

Zimbabwe

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do_not_disturb_on

INCARCERATION RATEhelp

129.17

#51 in the World