Stop and Id States

A Stop and Identify Statute requires that an individual identify him or herself to a police officer, when asked, under penalty of law, either by saying their name aloud or by presenting a valid form of identification, such as a driver’s license or passport. The officer who stops someone, however, must have a probable cause for doing so, including the officer’s suspicion that an individual has, is currently, or will cause a crime. Officers can also stop and identify if they suspect someone to be in violation of a federal law, statute, or ordinance, or if they have a reason to lawfully arrest them. 

Stop and Identify Statutes do not apply in about half of the states in the United States. However, the other half of states do have some form of Stop and Identify Statute in place, but these statutes are rarely called by that name. For example, half of the states that have a Stop and Identify Statute in place have codified them in Terry Stops, Stop and Frisk, or statutes regarding Detainment for Questioning.

Failure to provide one’s name to an officer can be classified, in certain states, as criminal offenses called failure to identify, failure to provide truthful name, and failure to disclose, and are classified as Detention for Identification (or lack thereof). Other states classify these failures as resisting arrest, loitering, obstructing officers, and obstructing justice statutes. 

Learn more about stop and identify statutes by state by exploring the data in the charts. 

Stop and Identify Statute by State

Alabama - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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26

#13 in the US

Alaska - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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8

#38 in the US

Arizona - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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41

#6 in the US

Arkansas - Stop and Identify Statute

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Loitering

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14

#26 in the US

California - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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156

#1 in the US

Colorado - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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42

#5 in the US

Connecticut - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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2

#47 in the US

Delaware - Stop and Identify Statute

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Loitering

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2

#48 in the US

Florida - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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51

#4 in the US

Georgia - Stop and Identify Statute

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Loitering

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59

#3 in the US

Hawaii - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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6

#41 in the US

Idaho - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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14

#27 in the US

Illinois - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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31

#8 in the US

Indiana - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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20

#22 in the US

Iowa - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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9

#37 in the US

Kansas - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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11

#34 in the US

Kentucky - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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24

#18 in the US

Louisiana - Stop and Identify Statute

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Resisting Officers

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25

#15 in the US

Maine - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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6

#42 in the US

Maryland - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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21

#20 in the US

Massachusetts - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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11

#35 in the US

Michigan - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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26

#14 in the US

Minnesota - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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13

#32 in the US

Mississippi - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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23

#19 in the US

Missouri - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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31

#9 in the US

Montana - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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7

#40 in the US

Nebraska - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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11

#36 in the US

Nevada - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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14

#28 in the US

New Hampshire - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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2

#49 in the US

New Jersey - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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14

#29 in the US

New Mexico - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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27

#12 in the US

New York - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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25

#16 in the US

North Carolina - Stop and Identify Statute

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Resisting Officers

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30

#10 in the US

North Dakota - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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4

#44 in the US

Ohio - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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29

#11 in the US

Oklahoma - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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20

#23 in the US

Oregon - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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17

#25 in the US

Pennsylvania - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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25

#17 in the US

Rhode Island - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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2

#50 in the US

South Carolina - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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19

#24 in the US

South Dakota - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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4

#45 in the US

Tennessee - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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39

#7 in the US

Texas - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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105

#2 in the US

Utah - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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14

#30 in the US

Vermont - Stop and Identify Statute

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Detention for ID

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2

#51 in the US

Virginia - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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21

#21 in the US

Washington - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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14

#31 in the US

West Virginia - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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6

#43 in the US

Wisconsin - Stop and Identify Statute

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Terry Stop

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12

#33 in the US

Wyoming - Stop and Identify Statute

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No Statute

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3

#46 in the US