Population Density by State

Map

Table

Introduction

Population density varies significantly across the United States, with some states experiencing high concentrations of people while others are more sparsely populated. New Jersey ranks as the most densely populated state, with approximately 1,300 people per square mile. Rhode Island follows closely behind as the second most densely populated state, with around 1,100 people per square mile. These two states are known for their small size and proximity to major metropolitan areas, which contribute to their high population density.

On the other hand, Alaska, the largest state in terms of land area, has the lowest population density among all states, with only 1,300 people per square mile. Montana, Wyoming, and North Dakota also have relatively low population densities, highlighting their vast stretches of open land and rural landscapes. These states are characterized by expansive wilderness areas and lower population numbers compared to more urbanized regions.

There is a general trend of higher population densities in the northeastern states, particularly along the densely populated corridor that stretches from Washington, D.C. to Boston. This region includes states like Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Maryland, which have population densities above 600 people per square mile. Additionally, California, with its large urban centers such as Los Angeles and San Francisco, ranks eleventh in population density.

In contrast, states in the Midwest and parts of the South tend to have lower population densities. This can be attributed to a combination of factors, including greater availability of land, more spread-out communities, and a smaller number of major cities compared to the northeastern and western regions.

States by Population Density

#StatePopulation Density (2022)Percentage Change (vs. 2021)
1New Jersey1,283.4 per mi²1.85%
2Rhode Island1,074.3 per mi²1.38%
3Massachusetts919.82 per mi²2.73%
4Connecticut746.7 per mi²0.29%
5Maryland648.84 per mi²2.2%
6Delaware522.09 per mi²1.39%
7New York433.9 per mi²3.08%
8Florida416.96 per mi²2.7%
9Pennsylvania292.62 per mi²0.99%
10Ohio290.7 per mi²0.83%
11California258.21 per mi²2.57%
12Hawaii231.01 per mi²2.92%
13Illinois230.68 per mi²1.06%
14Virginia223.36 per mi²2.04%
15North Carolina220.3 per mi²1.52%
16Indiana191.93 per mi²1.03%
17Georgia191.59 per mi²2.39%
18Michigan179.26 per mi²0.96%
19South Carolina175.19 per mi²1.47%
20Tennessee171.71 per mi²1.5%
21New Hampshire155.91 per mi²0.5%
22Washington120.37 per mi²3.37%
23Texas116.16 per mi²2.78%
24Kentucky115.38 per mi²1.04%
25Wisconsin109.97 per mi²1.03%
26Louisiana108.67 per mi²1.55%
27Alabama100.65 per mi²1.15%
28Missouri90.26 per mi²0.6%
29West Virginia73.88 per mi²-0.38%
30Minnesota73.18 per mi²2.09%
31Vermont70.34 per mi²0.43%
32Arizona64.96 per mi²1.47%
33Mississippi63.07 per mi²0.32%
34Oklahoma58.63 per mi²0.88%
35Arkansas58.43 per mi²0.41%
36Iowa57.89 per mi²1.26%
37Colorado57.86 per mi²3.17%
38Oregon45.41 per mi²2.67%
39Maine44.5 per mi²0.02%
40Utah41.67 per mi²2.84%
41Kansas36.24 per mi²0.98%
42Nevada29.38 per mi²2.66%
43Nebraska26.06 per mi²1.96%
44Idaho23.24 per mi²1.04%
45New Mexico17.6 per mi²0.92%
46South Dakota11.98 per mi²1.44%
47North Dakota11.75 per mi²4.63%
48Montana7.64 per mi²0.66%
49Wyoming5.98 per mi²0.34%
50Alaska1.3 per mi²1.56%

Most Densely Populated States

The most densely populated states in the US are New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maryland, Delaware, New York, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. New Jersey is the most densely populated state with approximately 1,300 people per mi². Rhode Island is the second most densely populated state with around 1,100 people per mi². Massachusetts has a population density of 919.82 per mi², while Connecticut has 746.7 per mi². Maryland is the fifth most densely populated state with a population density of 648.84 people per mi². Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state with 522.09 individuals per mi². New York has 433.9 people per mi², and Florida is the eighth most densely populated state with a population density of 416.96 per mi². Pennsylvania and Ohio round out the top ten with population densities of 292.62 per mi² and 290.7 per mi², respectively. These states showcase concentrated populations and often contain bustling cities and metropolitan areas.

The top 10 most densely populated states in the US are:

1. New Jersey – 1.3K per mi²
2. Rhode Island – 1.1K per mi²
3. Massachusetts – 919.82 per mi²
4. Connecticut – 746.7 per mi²
5. Maryland – 648.84 per mi²
6. Delaware – 522.09 per mi²
7. New York – 433.9 per mi²
8. Florida – 416.96 per mi²
9. Pennsylvania – 292.62 per mi²
10. Ohio – 290.7 per mi²

Most Densely Populated State

New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the United States. With approximately 1,300 people per square mile, it stands out as a compact and highly urbanized region. New Jersey is home to a significant population, largely due to its proximity to major metropolitan areas like New York City and Philadelphia. The state’s dense population is supported by a network of bustling cities, vibrant suburbs, and a well-developed transportation infrastructure. New Jersey’s high population density contributes to its energetic and fast-paced atmosphere, with a diverse range of industries, cultural attractions, and economic opportunities available to its residents. However, the state also faces challenges associated with managing and accommodating such a concentrated population, including traffic congestion and the need for efficient urban planning.

US Population Density

Alabama

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Population Density

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100.65 per mi²

↑ 1.15%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#27

Population

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5,039,877

Ranked in the US

#24

52,420 mi²

Ranked in the US

#30

Ranked in the US

#27

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Alaska

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1.3 per mi²

↑ 1.56%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#50

Population

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732,673

Ranked in the US

#49

665,384 mi²

Ranked in the US

#1

Ranked in the US

#36

Alaska is the least densely populated state in the US with only 1.3 people per square mile. Its vast size, rugged terrain, and extreme climate make it challenging for large populations to settle and thrive. The state's remote and isolated location, along with its harsh conditions, including long winters and limited infrastructure, contribute to its low population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Arizona

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64.96 per mi²

↑ 1.47%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#32

Population

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7,276,316

Ranked in the US

#14

113,990 mi²

Ranked in the US

#6

Ranked in the US

#9

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Arkansas

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58.43 per mi²

↑ 0.41%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#35

Population

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3,025,891

Ranked in the US

#34

53,179 mi²

Ranked in the US

#29

Ranked in the US

#35

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

California

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258.21 per mi²

↑ 2.57%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#11

Population

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39,237,836

Ranked in the US

#1

163,695 mi²

Ranked in the US

#3

Ranked in the US

#24

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Colorado

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57.86 per mi²

↑ 3.17%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#37

Population

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5,812,069

Ranked in the US

#21

104,094 mi²

Ranked in the US

#8

Ranked in the US

#6

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Connecticut

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746.7 per mi²

↑ 0.29%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#4

Population

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3,605,597

Ranked in the US

#29

5,543 mi²

Ranked in the US

#48

Ranked in the US

#47

Connecticut is the fourth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 746.7 people per square mile. Its proximity to New York City and its role as a commuter state contribute to its density. Connecticut also boasts affluent suburbs, a strong financial sector, and a high quality of life, attracting residents to settle in the state.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Delaware

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522.09 per mi²

↑ 1.39%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#6

Population

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1,003,384

Ranked in the US

#46

2,489 mi²

Ranked in the US

#49

Ranked in the US

#13

Delaware is the sixth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 522.09 people per square mile. The state benefits from its location along the northeastern corridor, making it easily accessible to major cities and employment centers. Its favorable tax environment and status as a corporate-friendly state have also drawn businesses and residents, contributing to its population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Florida

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416.96 per mi²

↑ 2.7%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#8

Population

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21,781,128

Ranked in the US

#3

65,758 mi²

Ranked in the US

#22

Ranked in the US

#8

Florida is the eighth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 416.96 people per square mile. The state attracts residents due to its warm climate, retirement communities, and tourism industry. Its vibrant coastal cities, such as Miami and Orlando, draw visitors and residents alike, making it one of the most densely populated states in the US.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Georgia

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191.59 per mi²

↑ 2.39%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#17

Population

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10,799,566

Ranked in the US

#8

59,425 mi²

Ranked in the US

#24

Ranked in the US

#12

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Hawaii

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231.01 per mi²

↑ 2.92%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#12

Population

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1,441,553

Ranked in the US

#41

10,932 mi²

Ranked in the US

#43

Ranked in the US

#23

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Idaho

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23.24 per mi²

↑ 1.04%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#44

Population

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1,900,923

Ranked in the US

#39

83,569 mi²

Ranked in the US

#14

Ranked in the US

#2

Idaho is the seventh least densely populated state in the US with 23.24 people per square mile. The state's lower population density can be attributed to its rural nature, limited urbanization, and abundance of outdoor recreational opportunities, attracting those seeking a more remote and nature-focused lifestyle.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Illinois

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230.68 per mi²

↑ 1.06%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#13

Population

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12,671,469

Ranked in the US

#6

57,914 mi²

Ranked in the US

#25

Ranked in the US

#48

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Indiana

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191.93 per mi²

↑ 1.03%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#16

Population

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6,805,985

Ranked in the US

#17

36,420 mi²

Ranked in the US

#38

Ranked in the US

#29

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Iowa

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57.89 per mi²

↑ 1.26%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#36

Population

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3,193,079

Ranked in the US

#32

56,273 mi²

Ranked in the US

#26

Ranked in the US

#28

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Kansas

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36.24 per mi²

↑ 0.98%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#41

Population

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2,934,582

Ranked in the US

#36

82,278 mi²

Ranked in the US

#15

Ranked in the US

#37

Kansas is the tenth least densely populated state in the US with 36.24 people per square mile. The state is primarily an agricultural state, with large areas dedicated to farmland. Its expansive prairies, flat topography, and lower population numbers contribute to its lower density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Kentucky

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115.38 per mi²

↑ 1.04%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#24

Population

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4,509,394

Ranked in the US

#26

40,408 mi²

Ranked in the US

#37

Ranked in the US

#33

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Louisiana

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108.67 per mi²

↑ 1.55%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#26

Population

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4,624,047

Ranked in the US

#25

52,378 mi²

Ranked in the US

#31

Ranked in the US

#41

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Maine

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44.5 per mi²

↑ 0.02%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#39

Population

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1,372,247

Ranked in the US

#43

35,380 mi²

Ranked in the US

#39

Ranked in the US

#42

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Maryland

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648.84 per mi²

↑ 2.2%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#5

Population

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6,165,129

Ranked in the US

#19

12,406 mi²

Ranked in the US

#42

Ranked in the US

#22

Maryland is the fifth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 648.84 people per square mile. The state is known for its urban centers such as Baltimore and its proximity to the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. Its mix of suburban communities, thriving industries, and diverse cultural amenities make it an attractive location for residents and contribute to its relatively high population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Massachusetts

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919.82 per mi²

↑ 2.73%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#3

Population

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6,984,723

Ranked in the US

#15

10,554 mi²

Ranked in the US

#44

Ranked in the US

#21

Massachusetts is the third most densely populated state in the US with approximately 919.82 people per square mile. The state's density is influenced by its concentration of world-class universities, thriving healthcare and biotechnology industries, as well as its historical and cultural attractions. Massachusetts is home to several prominent cities, including Boston, which serves as a major economic and cultural hub for the region.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Michigan

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179.26 per mi²

↑ 0.96%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#18

Population

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10,050,811

Ranked in the US

#10

96,714 mi²

Ranked in the US

#11

Ranked in the US

#46

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Minnesota

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73.18 per mi²

↑ 2.09%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#30

Population

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5,707,390

Ranked in the US

#22

86,936 mi²

Ranked in the US

#12

Ranked in the US

#19

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Mississippi

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63.07 per mi²

↑ 0.32%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#33

Population

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2,949,965

Ranked in the US

#35

48,432 mi²

Ranked in the US

#32

Ranked in the US

#49

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Missouri

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90.26 per mi²

↑ 0.6%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#28

Population

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6,168,187

Ranked in the US

#18

69,707 mi²

Ranked in the US

#21

Ranked in the US

#39

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Montana

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7.64 per mi²

↑ 0.66%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#48

Population

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1,104,271

Ranked in the US

#44

147,040 mi²

Ranked in the US

#4

Ranked in the US

#14

Montana is the third least densely populated state in the US with 7.64 people per square mile. The state is known for its breathtaking natural scenery, including the Rocky Mountains, national parks, and vast prairies. The state's rugged terrain, coupled with its limited urban centers, contributes to its lower population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Nebraska

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26.06 per mi²

↑ 1.96%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#43

Population

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1,963,692

Ranked in the US

#38

77,348 mi²

Ranked in the US

#16

Ranked in the US

#20

Nebraska is the eighth least densely populated state in the US with 26.06 people per square mile. The state's predominantly rural and agricultural character, coupled with a relatively small population, contributes to its lower density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Nevada

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29.38 per mi²

↑ 2.66%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#42

Population

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3,143,991

Ranked in the US

#33

110,572 mi²

Ranked in the US

#7

Ranked in the US

#5

Nevada is the ninth least densely populated state in the US with 29.38 people per square mile. The state is renowned for its desert landscapes and the famous Las Vegas Strip. However, much of the state consists of vast arid regions and uninhabited desert areas, limiting its overall population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

New Hampshire

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155.91 per mi²

↑ 0.5%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#21

Population

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1,388,992

Ranked in the US

#42

9,349 mi²

Ranked in the US

#46

Ranked in the US

#30

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

New Jersey

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1,283.4 per mi²

↑ 1.85%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#1

Population

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9,267,130

Ranked in the US

#11

8,723 mi²

Ranked in the US

#47

Ranked in the US

#25

New Jersey is the most densely populated state in the US with approximately 1,300 people per square mile. Its high population density can be attributed to several factors, including its proximity to major metropolitan areas like New York City and Philadelphia, as well as its well-developed transportation infrastructure and diverse range of economic opportunities.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

New Mexico

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17.6 per mi²

↑ 0.92%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#45

Population

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2,115,877

Ranked in the US

#37

121,590 mi²

Ranked in the US

#5

Ranked in the US

#38

New Mexico is the sixth least densely populated state in the US with 17.6 people per square mile. The state's diverse geography, including deserts, mountains, and mesas, plays a role in its lower population density. New Mexico's arid climate, limited water resources, and less developed infrastructure compared to other states contribute to its relatively sparse population.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

New York

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433.9 per mi²

↑ 3.08%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#7

Population

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19,835,913

Ranked in the US

#4

54,555 mi²

Ranked in the US

#27

Ranked in the US

#32

New York, one of the most iconic states in the US, has a population density of 433.9 people per square mile. It is characterized by the bustling and highly populated New York City, a global center for finance, commerce, culture, and entertainment. The city's magnetism, along with other urban areas and suburban communities throughout the state, contribute to its overall population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

North Carolina

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220.3 per mi²

↑ 1.52%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#15

Population

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10,551,162

Ranked in the US

#9

53,819 mi²

Ranked in the US

#28

Ranked in the US

#15

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

North Dakota

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11.75 per mi²

↑ 4.63%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#47

Population

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774,948

Ranked in the US

#48

70,698 mi²

Ranked in the US

#19

Ranked in the US

#4

North Dakota is the fourth least densely populated state in the US with 11.75 people per square mile. The state's economy is largely based on agriculture, energy production, and natural resources, which are spread across its expansive landscapes. With limited urban centers and vast rural areas, North Dakota's population density remains relatively low.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Ohio

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290.7 per mi²

↑ 0.83%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#10

Population

help

11,780,017

Ranked in the US

#7

44,826 mi²

Ranked in the US

#34

Ranked in the US

#45

Ohio is the tenth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 290.7 people per square mile. The state benefits from a mix of urban centers and suburban communities. Its diverse economy, including manufacturing, healthcare, and education sectors, provides employment opportunities that attract residents to settle in the state.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Oklahoma

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Population Density

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58.63 per mi²

↑ 0.88%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#34

Population

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3,986,639

Ranked in the US

#28

69,899 mi²

Ranked in the US

#20

Ranked in the US

#26

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Oregon

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45.41 per mi²

↑ 2.67%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#38

Population

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4,246,155

Ranked in the US

#27

98,379 mi²

Ranked in the US

#9

Ranked in the US

#11

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Pennsylvania

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292.62 per mi²

↑ 0.99%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#9

Population

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12,964,056

Ranked in the US

#5

46,054 mi²

Ranked in the US

#33

Ranked in the US

#43

Pennsylvania is the ninth most densely populated state in the US with approximately 292.62 people per square mile. The state has a diverse mix of urban and rural areas. While its major cities like Philadelphia and Pittsburgh contribute to its population density, Pennsylvania also encompasses vast rural landscapes, farmland, and natural beauty.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Rhode Island

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Population Density

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1,074.3 per mi²

↑ 1.38%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#2

Population

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1,095,610

Ranked in the US

#45

1,545 mi²

Ranked in the US

#50

Ranked in the US

#31

Rhode Island follows closely behind as the second most densely populated state with around 1,100 people per square mile. Despite its small size, Rhode Island benefits from its strategic location in the densely populated northeastern region of the country. Its accessibility to major urban centers, such as Boston, combined with its historical significance and vibrant coastal communities, contributes to its relatively high population density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

South Carolina

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175.19 per mi²

↑ 1.47%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#19

Population

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5,190,705

Ranked in the US

#23

32,020 mi²

Ranked in the US

#40

Ranked in the US

#10

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

South Dakota

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11.98 per mi²

↑ 1.44%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#46

Population

help

895,376

Ranked in the US

#47

77,116 mi²

Ranked in the US

#17

Ranked in the US

#16

South Dakota is the fifth least densely populated state in the US with 11.98 people per square mile. The state's Great Plains and expansive rural areas, combined with a smaller population, contribute to its lower density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Tennessee

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171.71 per mi²

↑ 1.5%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#20

Population

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6,975,218

Ranked in the US

#16

42,144 mi²

Ranked in the US

#36

Ranked in the US

#17

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Texas

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116.16 per mi²

↑ 2.78%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#23

Population

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29,527,941

Ranked in the US

#2

268,596 mi²

Ranked in the US

#2

Ranked in the US

#3

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Utah

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41.67 per mi²

↑ 2.84%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#40

Population

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3,337,975

Ranked in the US

#30

84,897 mi²

Ranked in the US

#13

Ranked in the US

#1

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Vermont

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Population Density

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70.34 per mi²

↑ 0.43%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#31

Population

help

645,570

Ranked in the US

#51

9,616 mi²

Ranked in the US

#45

Ranked in the US

#40

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Virginia

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Population Density

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223.36 per mi²

↑ 2.04%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#14

Population

help

8,642,274

Ranked in the US

#12

42,775 mi²

Ranked in the US

#35

Ranked in the US

#18

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Washington

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Population Density

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120.37 per mi²

↑ 3.37%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#22

Population

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7,738,692

Ranked in the US

#13

71,298 mi²

Ranked in the US

#18

Ranked in the US

#7

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

West Virginia

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Population Density

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73.88 per mi²

↓ 0.38%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#29

Population

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1,782,959

Ranked in the US

#40

24,230 mi²

Ranked in the US

#41

Ranked in the US

#50

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Wisconsin

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Population Density

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109.97 per mi²

↑ 1.03%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#25

Population

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5,895,908

Ranked in the US

#20

65,496 mi²

Ranked in the US

#23

Ranked in the US

#34

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

Wyoming

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Population Density

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5.98 per mi²

↑ 0.34%

Vs 2021

Ranked in the US

#49

Population

help

578,803

Ranked in the US

#52

97,813 mi²

Ranked in the US

#10

Ranked in the US

#44

Wyoming is the second least densely populated state in the US with only 5.98 people per square mile. The state is sparsely populated due to its expansive landscapes, including the Rocky Mountains and high plains. The state's wide-open spaces, low population numbers, and agricultural focus contribute to its low density.

Population Density

Population

Total Area

Population Growth

FAQs

What is the most densely populated state ?

The most densely populated state in the United States is New Jersey with approximately 1,300 people per square mile.

What is the least densely populated state ?

The least densely populated state in the United States is Alaska with only 1.3 people per square mile.

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