Poorest States

Although the United States has the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of any country, by a wide margin, each state across the U.S. still has a percentage of its population that lives below the poverty line. In the U.S., a household is considered to be in poverty if they make less than $31,661 annually. According to the USDA, as of 2020 across the United States, the poverty rate ranges between 7% and 18.7%, depending on the state. 

Generally speaking, the highest percentage of people living in poverty in the United States are children aged 0—18. In Mississippi in 2019, 27.4% of children lived at or below the poverty line, while 17.8% of adults likewise lived at or below the same standard. 

In New Hampshire, which has one of the lowest poverty rates in the U.S., poverty is not evenly distributed across the state. The Southeastern counties, including Rockingham, Merrimack, Hillsborough, and Belknap have the lowest rates of poverty within New Hampshire, ranging from 4.6% in Rockingham to 7.4% in Belknap. In New Hampshire’s Northern and Western counties, however, the poverty rate is higher than the state average, ranging from 8.6%—13.1%. 

To learn more about the poorest states in the country, scroll through the charts.

Human Development Index by State

Alabama - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.89

#1 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

14.9%

#7 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$48,540

#49 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#32 in the US

Alaska - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#2 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.6%

#37 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$67,742

#12 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$10.34

#20 in the US

Arizona - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#3 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.8%

#14 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$54,422

#41 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.8

#8 in the US

Arkansas - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.89

#4 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

15.2%

#4 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$50,943

#46 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$11

#16 in the US

California - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#5 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

11.5%

#23 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$77,211

#4 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$15

#1 in the US

Colorado - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#6 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9%

#38 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$70,764

#9 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.56

#9 in the US

Connecticut - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#7 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.7%

#39 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$82,918

#3 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$14

#3 in the US

Delaware - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#8 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.9%

#28 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$59,998

#24 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$10.5

#21 in the US

District of Columbia - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#9 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

15%

#5 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$98,317

#1 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$15.2

#2 in the US

Florida - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#10 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.4%

#15 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$61,529

#21 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$10

#22 in the US

Georgia - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#11 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

14%

#8 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$55,366

#37 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#33 in the US

Hawaii - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#12 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

8.9%

#48 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$58,967

#28 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$10.1

#23 in the US

Idaho - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#13 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.1%

#29 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$52,021

#45 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#34 in the US

Illinois - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#14 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

11%

#24 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$67,767

#11 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12

#10 in the US

Indiana - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#15 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

11.6%

#25 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$56,644

#33 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#35 in the US

Iowa - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#16 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.2%

#30 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$57,012

#31 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#36 in the US

Kansas - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#17 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.6%

#31 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$59,660

#25 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#37 in the US

Kentucky - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.89

#18 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

14.9%

#9 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$50,713

#47 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#38 in the US

Louisiana - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.89

#19 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

17.8%

#2 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$54,074

#42 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#39 in the US

Maine - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#20 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.6%

#32 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$57,319

#30 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.75

#11 in the US

Maryland - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#21 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9%

#40 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$69,694

#10 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.5

#12 in the US

Massachusetts - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.96

#22 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.4%

#41 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$83,229

#2 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$14.25

#4 in the US

Michigan - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#23 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.6%

#16 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$54,684

#40 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9.87

#25 in the US

Minnesota - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#24 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

8.3%

#49 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$65,579

#16 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$10.33

#24 in the US

Mississippi - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.87

#25 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

18.7%

#1 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$44,796

#51 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#40 in the US

Missouri - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#26 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.1%

#17 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$55,141

#39 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$11.15

#17 in the US

Montana - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#27 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.4%

#18 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$56,936

#32 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9.2

#26 in the US

Nebraska - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#28 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.2%

#42 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$62,776

#19 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9

#27 in the US

Nevada - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#29 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.5%

#19 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$58,451

#29 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9.5

#28 in the US

New Hampshire - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#30 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

7%

#50 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$74,229

#7 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#41 in the US

New Jersey - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#31 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.4%

#43 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$75,086

#6 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$13

#6 in the US

New Mexico - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#32 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

16.8%

#3 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$49,396

#48 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$11.5

#18 in the US

New York - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#33 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.7%

#20 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$77,029

#5 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$13.2

#7 in the US

North Carolina - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.91

#34 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.9%

#21 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$55,654

#36 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#42 in the US

North Dakota - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#35 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.2%

#33 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$65,324

#17 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#43 in the US

Ohio - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#36 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

12.6%

#22 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$56,548

#34 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9.3

#29 in the US

Oklahoma - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.9

#37 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

14.3%

#10 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$53,579

#43 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#44 in the US

Oregon - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#38 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

11%

#26 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$60,990

#22 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.5

#13 in the US

Pennsylvania - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#39 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.9%

#34 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$64,370

#18 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#45 in the US

Rhode Island - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#40 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10.6%

#35 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$61,726

#20 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.25

#14 in the US

South Carolina - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.9

#41 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

13.8%

#11 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$52,047

#44 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#46 in the US

South Dakota - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#42 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

11.6%

#27 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$65,647

#15 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$9.95

#30 in the US

Tennessee - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.9

#43 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

13.6%

#12 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$55,315

#38 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#47 in the US

Texas - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.92

#44 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

13.4%

#13 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$60,427

#23 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#48 in the US

Utah - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#45 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

7.3%

#51 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$56,268

#35 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#49 in the US

Vermont - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#46 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.4%

#44 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$59,652

#26 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$12.55

#15 in the US

Virginia - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#47 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.2%

#45 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$66,396

#13 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$11

#19 in the US

Washington - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.95

#48 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.5%

#46 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$72,163

#8 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$14.49

#5 in the US

West Virginia - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.88

#49 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

15.8%

#6 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$48,192

#50 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$8.75

#31 in the US

Wisconsin - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.93

#50 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

10%

#36 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$59,064

#27 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#50 in the US

Wyoming - Human Development Index

See less

do_not_disturb_on

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEXhelp

0.94

#51 in the US

POVERTY RATEhelp

9.2%

#47 in the US

PERSONAL INCOME PER CAPITAhelp

$66,337

#14 in the US

MINIMUM WAGEhelp

$7.25

#51 in the US