Constitutional Carry States

Constitutional carry, also known as permitless carry or unrestricted carry, refers to the public legally carrying a handgun, either openly or concealed, without a permit. The phrase however does not typically apply to the unrestricted carry of a long gun, for instance.

Carrying a concealed handgun in public, contrary to open carry where the gun is in view of the public, either in close proximity or on oneself, is allowed in every state of the country. Yet, each state has its own regulations and limitations regarding how and who may or may not carry a concealed weapon. While each law will differ in the language used, these laws fall into one of three categories: shall issue (meaning that if one meets all the requirements, the jurisdiction shall deliver a license), may issue (meaning that the jurisdiction has discretion in handing out concealed weapons permits), and constitutional carry (the jurisdiction does not require a permit or license to carry a concealed weapon).

States often differ on their position towards concealed carry. There are numerous reasons for this difference, one of them being their interpretation of the Constitution. This has seen states like New York, for example, who put forward a law that required people to show a permit signifying special need to carry a handgun in public, have this law struck down by the Supreme Court ruling that the Second Amendment is meant to protect gun rights outside the home.

Constitutional Carry States

Throughout the United States, each individual state legislature has their own select rule on constitutional carry and whether or not a permit is required to carry a handgun in public.

The states that allow permitless concealed carry for 21 year olds are: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Some states make exceptions for those who are 18 years of age and in the military, allowing them to conceal carry without a permit, these states are: Georgia, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. Other states allow permitless concealed carry for 18 year olds, these include: Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota (only for residents of the state however), South Dakota, and Vermont. Only one state allows concealed carry for 19 year olds, Missouri.

List of states that allow for permitless concealed carry (PC), followed by age:

  1. Alabama – PC 21 years old
  2. Alaska – PC 21 years old
  3. Arizona – PC 21 years old
  4. Arkansas – PC 18 years old
  5. Georgia – PC 21 years old or 18 for military
  6. Idaho – PC 18 years old
  7. Indiana – PC 18 years old
  8. Iowa – PC 21 years old
  9. Kansas – PC 21 years old
  10. Kentucky – PC 21 years old
  11. Maine – PC 21 years old
  12. Mississippi – PC 18 years old
  13. Missouri – PC 19 years old or 18 for military
  14. Montana – PC 18 years old
  15. New Hampshire – PC 18 years old
  16. North Dakota – PC 18 years old for residents only
  17. Ohio – PC 21 years old
  18. Oklahoma – PC 21 years old or 18 for military
  19. South Dakota – PC 18 years old
  20. Tennessee – PC 21 years old or 18 for military
  21. Texas – PC 21 years old
  22. Utah – PC 21 years old
  23. Vermont – PC 18 years old
  24. West Virginia – PC 21 years old
  25. Wyoming – PC 21 years old

Consitutitonal Carry Status by State

Alabama - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

38.7

#11 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Alaska - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

38.5

#12 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Arizona - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

35.6

#14 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Arkansas - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

44.3

#8 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

California - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

prohibited

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

10.4

#42 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Colorado - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

25.7

#21 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Connecticut - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

20.8

#34 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Delaware - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

6.1

#44 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Florida - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

prohibited

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

23.8

#24 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Georgia - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

28.2

#18 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Hawaii - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

6.4

#45 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Idaho - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

40.2

#9 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Illinois - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

prohibited

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

11.4

#41 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Indiana - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

23.1

#25 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Iowa - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

17

#36 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Kansas - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

23.8

#26 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Kentucky - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

24.1

#23 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Louisiana - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

32.9

#17 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Maine - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

15.6

#39 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Maryland - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

22.1

#29 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Massachusetts - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

6.5

#46 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Michigan - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

10.9

#43 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Minnesota - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

22.7

#30 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Mississippi - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

27.4

#19 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Missouri - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

18.4

#35 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Montana - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

33.2

#16 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Nebraska - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

22

#31 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Nevada - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

37.9

#13 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

New Hampshire - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

52.1

#6 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

New Jersey - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

1.1

#50 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

New Mexico - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

58.1

#5 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

New York - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

prohibited

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

4.6

#47 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

North Carolina - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

21.1

#32 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

North Dakota - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

40

#10 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Ohio - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

17.7

#37 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

May Issue

Oklahoma - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

25.9

#22 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Oregon - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

23

#27 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Pennsylvania - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

26.9

#20 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Rhode Island - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

4.5

#48 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

South Carolina - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

23

#28 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

South Dakota - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

72.2

#4 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Tennessee - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

permit required

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

21.7

#33 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Texas - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

34.1

#15 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Utah - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

3.4

#49 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Vermont - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

14.6

#40 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Virginia - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

49

#7 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Washington - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

1.2

#51 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

West Virginia - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

92.8

#3 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry

Wisconsin - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

No

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

16.3

#38 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Shall Issue

Wyoming - Consitutitonal Carry Status

See less

do_not_disturb_on

CONSITUTITONAL CARRY STATUShelp

Yes

HANDGUN OPEN CARRY STATUShelp

allowed

REGISTERED GUN RATE PER STATEhelp

245.8

#1 in the US

CONCEALED CARRY PERMIT RECIPROCITY STATUShelp

Constitutional Carry