Beef Production by State

The world’s largest producer of high-quality beef is the United States. As of 2022, beef farms made up more than 30% of all farms in the United States. The best measure for which state has the highest production of beef is the number of cows produced by each state. 

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”), the United States herd of cattle is about 98.8 million heads; however, this is about a 2% decrease from 2021. Despite this, the USDA found cattle production to be the largest share of cash receipts for agricultural commodities in 2021, worth about $391 billion. 

The federal government has limited assistance for beef production, it only offers emergency measures approved for a specific and limited scope and time frame. What counts as emergencies are typically : loss from disease, infestation, flood, hurricane, fire, severe storms, extreme heat and cold, and other natural disasters. Farmers, though, are lobbying Congress to reinvigorate the assistance for beef/cattle production.

Learn for yourself how beef production changes by state by looking at the data in the charts.

Beef Cows by State

Alabama

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677,000

#16 in the US

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108,000

#17 in the US

Alaska

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7,800

#45 in the US

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1,500

#46 in the US

Arizona

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171,000

#36 in the US

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25,000

#38 in the US

Arkansas

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905,000

#11 in the US

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145,000

#10 in the US

California

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680,000

#15 in the US

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125,000

#14 in the US

Colorado

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638,000

#17 in the US

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135,000

#12 in the US

Connecticut

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4,500

#47 in the US

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2,000

#45 in the US

Delaware

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1,700

#49 in the US

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600

#49 in the US

Florida

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895,000

#12 in the US

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130,000

#13 in the US

Georgia

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487,000

#21 in the US

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100,000

#18 in the US

Hawaii

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79,200

#40 in the US

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11,000

#40 in the US

Idaho

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498,000

#20 in the US

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100,000

#19 in the US

Illinois

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339,000

#27 in the US

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60,000

#30 in the US

Indiana

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184,000

#35 in the US

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35,000

#35 in the US

Iowa

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925,000

#10 in the US

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160,000

#9 in the US

Kansas

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1,422,000

#6 in the US

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280,000

#7 in the US

Kentucky

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966,000

#8 in the US

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125,000

#15 in the US

Louisiana

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451,000

#24 in the US

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80,000

#25 in the US

Maine

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10,000

#43 in the US

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4,000

#43 in the US

Maryland

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42,000

#41 in the US

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9,000

#41 in the US

Massachusetts

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8,000

#44 in the US

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3,000

#44 in the US

Michigan

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96,000

#39 in the US

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23,000

#39 in the US

Minnesota

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360,000

#26 in the US

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85,000

#24 in the US

Mississippi

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478,000

#22 in the US

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91,000

#21 in the US

Missouri

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1,941,000

#3 in the US

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310,000

#6 in the US

Montana

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1,299,000

#7 in the US

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330,000

#5 in the US

Nebraska

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1,832,000

#4 in the US

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370,000

#4 in the US

Nevada

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244,000

#31 in the US

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38,000

#34 in the US

New Hampshire

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4,000

#48 in the US

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1,200

#48 in the US

New Jersey

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7,800

#46 in the US

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1,500

#47 in the US

New Mexico

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453,000

#23 in the US

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70,000

#26 in the US

New York

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100,000

#38 in the US

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40,000

#33 in the US

North Carolina

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366,000

#25 in the US

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62,000

#29 in the US

North Dakota

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945,000

#9 in the US

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192,000

#8 in the US

Ohio

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312,000

#29 in the US

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70,000

#27 in the US

Oklahoma

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2,131,000

#2 in the US

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410,000

#2 in the US

Oregon

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505,000

#19 in the US

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100,000

#20 in the US

Pennsylvania

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190,000

#33 in the US

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51,000

#32 in the US

Rhode Island

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1,100

#50 in the US

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200

#50 in the US

South Carolina

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158,000

#37 in the US

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29,000

#37 in the US

South Dakota

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1,610,000

#5 in the US

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375,000

#3 in the US

Tennessee

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893,000

#13 in the US

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120,000

#16 in the US

Texas

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4,475,000

#1 in the US

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720,000

#1 in the US

Utah

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331,000

#28 in the US

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70,000

#28 in the US

Vermont

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15,000

#42 in the US

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4,500

#42 in the US

Virginia

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599,000

#18 in the US

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89,000

#23 in the US

Washington

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224,000

#32 in the US

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55,000

#31 in the US

West Virginia

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188,000

#34 in the US

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30,000

#36 in the US

Wisconsin

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295,000

#30 in the US

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90,000

#22 in the US

Wyoming

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681,000

#14 in the US

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145,000

#11 in the US