Largest Countries in Europe

Map

Table

Introduction

Europe is home to some of the largest and most diverse countries in the world. The continent spans across 44 countries, with Russia being the largest country, not only in Europe but in the world, covering an area of over 17 million square kilometers. This vast size has given Russia a unique geographical and cultural identity, with the country extending from Europe to Asia.

In comparison to other continents, Europe has a diverse range of large countries, with Russia being many times larger than any of the other large European countries. Russia is followed by Ukraine, which has a total area of 603,500 square kilometers – meaning that the second largest country in Europe is roughly 28 times smaller than Europe’s largest country. This is followed by France, Spain, and Sweden, all of which have a land area greater than 400,000 square kilometers.

One key difference between the largest countries in Europe and those of other continents is their population density. Despite their large size, many of these countries have relatively small populations. For example, Sweden, with a land area of around 450,000 square kilometers, has a population of just over 10 million people, while Spain, with a land area of around 505,000 square kilometers, has a population of over 46 million. This means that many of these large European countries have vast expanses of untouched wilderness and natural beauty.

The large size and cultural diversity of these countries have also played a significant role in shaping global history and politics. Many of these countries have been at the forefront of global affairs, including France, which has played a key role in shaping the development of Europe and the wider world. Additionally, countries like Germany, Spain, and Italy have had a profound impact on the fields of science, technology, and culture, influencing global developments in these areas.

European Countries by Area

#CountryTotal Area in km²Land Area in km²Percentage of World LandmassInternal Freshwater Resources
1Russia17,098,242 km²16,376,870 km²0.11%4,500 km²
2Ukraine603,500 km²579,400 km²0%139.6 km²
3France551,695 km²547,557 km²0%211 km²
4Spain505,992 km²499,556.6 km²0%111.5 km²
5Sweden450,295 km²407,283.5 km²0%174 km²
6Germany357,114 km²349,390 km²0%154 km²
7Finland338,424 km²303,940 km²0%110 km²
8Norway323,802 km²364,285 km²0%424.4 km²
9Poland312,679 km²306,130 km²0%63.33 km²
10Italy301,336 km²295,717 km²0%191.3 km²
11United Kingdom242,900 km²241,930 km²0%147 km²
12Romania238,391 km²230,080 km²0%217.1 km²
13Belarus207,600 km²202,980 km²0%58 km²
14Greece131,990 km²128,900 km²0%74.25 km²
15Bulgaria110,879 km²108,560 km²0%21.3 km²
16Iceland103,000 km²100,830 km²0%170 km²
17Hungary93,028 km²91,260 km²0%104 km²
18Portugal92,090 km²91,605.6 km²0%69.7 km²
19Serbia88,361 km²87,460 km²0%162.2 km²
20Austria83,871 km²82,520 km²0%78 km²
21Czech Republic78,865 km²77,198.5 km²0%13.15 km²
22Ireland70,273 km²68,890 km²0%52 km²
23Lithuania65,300 km²62,620 km²0%24.9 km²
24Latvia64,559 km²62,230 km²0%35.45 km²
25Croatia56,594 km²55,960 km²0%105.2 km²
26Bosnia and Herzegovina51,209 km²51,200 km²0%37.5 km²
27Slovakia49,037 km²49,035 km²0%50.1 km²
28Estonia45,227 km²42,750 km²0%12.81 km²
29Denmark43,094 km²40,000 km²0%6 km²
30Netherlands41,850 km²33,670 km²0%91 km²
31Switzerland41,284 km²39,516 km²0%53.5 km²
32Moldova33,846 km²32,884.6 km²0%11.65 km²
33Belgium30,528 km²30,280 km²0%18.3 km²
34Albania28,748 km²27,400 km²0%43 km²
35Slovenia20,273 km²20,136.4 km²0%31.87 km²
36Montenegro13,812 km²13,450 km²0%
37Cyprus9,251 km²9,240 km²0%0.78 km²
38Luxembourg2,586 km²2,574.5 km²0%3.1 km²
39Faroe Islands1,393 km²1,366 km²0%
40Isle of Man572 km²570 km²0%
41Andorra468 km²470 km²0%
42Malta316 km²320 km²0%0.05 km²
43Liechtenstein160 km²160 km²0%
44San Marino61 km²60 km²0%
45Monaco2 km²2 km²0%

Largest Countries in Europe

The ten largest countries in Europe, from largest to smallest, are Russia, Ukraine, France, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Norway, Poland, and Italy. Russia, the largest country in Europe and the world, ranks first, with a total area of 17,098,242 km². Ukraine ranks second largest country in Europe, with 603,500 km², followed by France with 551,695 km², Spain with 505,992 km², and Sweden with 450,295 km². Germany ranks sixth largest country in Europe, with a total area of 357,114 km², while Finland and Norway follow as the seventh and eighth largest countries in Europe, with 338,424 km² and 323,802 km², respectively. Poland ranks ninth largest European country, with 312,679 km², and Italy completes the top ten list for largest countries in Europe, with a total area of 301,336 km².

The ten biggest countries in Europe, ranked by land area size, are :

1. Russia – 17,098,242 km²
2. Ukraine – 603,500 km²
3. France – 551,695 km²
4. Spain – 505,992 km²
5. Sweden – 450,295 km²
6. Germany – 357,114 km²
7. Finland – 338,424 km²
8. Norway – 323,802 km²
9. Poland – 312,679 km²
10. Italy – 301,336 km²

Largest Country in Europe

Russia is not only the largest country in Europe but also in the world, spanning two continents and covering an area of 17,098,242 km². Its vast territory stretches from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea in the south, and from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. Due to its enormous size, Russia is home to a wide range of landscapes and climates, including forests, tundra, mountains, and steppes, making it one of the most diverse countries in the world. Russia’s large size and strategic location have also made it a key player in world politics and economics.

European Countries by Size

Albania

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Total Area in km²

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28,748 km²

Ranked in the World

#34

Land Area in km²

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27,400 km²

Ranked in the World

#34

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#142

Internal Freshwater Resources

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43 km²

Ranked in the World

#94

Andorra

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Total Area in km²

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468 km²

Ranked in the World

#41

Land Area in km²

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470 km²

Ranked in the World

#41

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#185

Austria

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Total Area in km²

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83,871 km²

Ranked in the World

#20

Land Area in km²

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82,520 km²

Ranked in the World

#20

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#114

Internal Freshwater Resources

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78 km²

Ranked in the World

#74

With a total area of 83,871 km², Austria is the 20th biggest country in Europe, with a land area of 82,520 km². Austria is a landlocked country located in Central Europe and shares borders with several other countries, including Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

Belarus

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Total Area in km²

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207,600 km²

Ranked in the World

#13

Land Area in km²

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202,980 km²

Ranked in the World

#13

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#85

Internal Freshwater Resources

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58 km²

Ranked in the World

#84

Belarus is the 13th largest country in Europe, with a total area of 207,600 km², of which 202,980 km² is land area. Belarus is a landlocked country located in Eastern Europe, bordering Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia.

Belgium

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Total Area in km²

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30,528 km²

Ranked in the World

#33

Land Area in km²

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30,280 km²

Ranked in the World

#33

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#138

Internal Freshwater Resources

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18.3 km²

Ranked in the World

#118

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Total Area in km²

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51,209 km²

Ranked in the World

#26

Land Area in km²

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51,200 km²

Ranked in the World

#26

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#126

Internal Freshwater Resources

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37.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#98

Bulgaria

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Total Area in km²

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110,879 km²

Ranked in the World

#15

Land Area in km²

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108,560 km²

Ranked in the World

#15

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#104

Internal Freshwater Resources

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21.3 km²

Ranked in the World

#114

With a total area of 110,879 km², Bulgaria is the 15th biggest country in Europe, with a land area of 108,560 km². Bulgaria is located in southeastern Europe and shares borders with Romania, Serbia, North Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey.

Croatia

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Total Area in km²

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56,594 km²

Ranked in the World

#25

Land Area in km²

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55,960 km²

Ranked in the World

#25

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#125

Internal Freshwater Resources

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105.2 km²

Ranked in the World

#66

Cyprus

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Total Area in km²

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9,251 km²

Ranked in the World

#37

Land Area in km²

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9,240 km²

Ranked in the World

#37

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#163

Internal Freshwater Resources

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0.78 km²

Ranked in the World

#152

Czech Republic

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Total Area in km²

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78,865 km²

Ranked in the World

#21

Land Area in km²

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77,198.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#21

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#116

Internal Freshwater Resources

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13.15 km²

Ranked in the World

#125

Denmark

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Total Area in km²

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43,094 km²

Ranked in the World

#29

Land Area in km²

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40,000 km²

Ranked in the World

#29

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#131

Internal Freshwater Resources

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6 km²

Ranked in the World

#139

Estonia

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Total Area in km²

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45,227 km²

Ranked in the World

#28

Land Area in km²

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42,750 km²

Ranked in the World

#28

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#130

Internal Freshwater Resources

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12.81 km²

Ranked in the World

#126

Faroe Islands

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Total Area in km²

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1,393 km²

Ranked in the World

#39

Land Area in km²

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1,366 km²

Ranked in the World

#39

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#173

Finland

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Total Area in km²

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338,424 km²

Ranked in the World

#7

Land Area in km²

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303,940 km²

Ranked in the World

#9

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#65

Internal Freshwater Resources

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110 km²

Ranked in the World

#63

Finland is the seventh largest country in Europe, covering a total area of 338,424 square kilometers. Of this area, 303,940 square kilometers are land. Finland is located in Northern Europe and is known for its stunning natural landscapes, innovative technology, and strong social welfare system.

France

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Total Area in km²

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551,695 km²

Ranked in the World

#3

Land Area in km²

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547,557 km²

Ranked in the World

#3

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#48

Internal Freshwater Resources

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211 km²

Ranked in the World

#41

France comes in at number three on the list of largest European countries, with a total area of 551,695 square kilometers. Of this area, 547,557 square kilometers are land, while the remaining area is water. France is located in Western Europe and is famous for its culture, cuisine, and architecture.

Germany

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Total Area in km²

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357,114 km²

Ranked in the World

#6

Land Area in km²

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349,390 km²

Ranked in the World

#7

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#62

Internal Freshwater Resources

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154 km²

Ranked in the World

#50

Germany is the sixth biggest country in Europe, with a total area of 357,114 square kilometers. Of this area, 349,390 square kilometers are land. Germany is located in Central Europe and is known for its strong economy, rich history, and vibrant culture.

Greece

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Total Area in km²

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131,990 km²

Ranked in the World

#14

Land Area in km²

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128,900 km²

Ranked in the World

#14

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#96

Internal Freshwater Resources

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74.25 km²

Ranked in the World

#77

Greece is the 14th largest European country, with a total area of 131,990 km², of which 128,900 km² is land area. Greece is located in southeastern Europe and consists of a mainland and a large number of islands in the Aegean and Ionian seas.

Hungary

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Total Area in km²

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93,028 km²

Ranked in the World

#17

Land Area in km²

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91,260 km²

Ranked in the World

#18

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#109

Internal Freshwater Resources

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104 km²

Ranked in the World

#67

Hungary ranks as the 17th largest European country, with a total area of 93,028 km², of which 91,260 km² is land area. Hungary is a landlocked country located in Central Europe and shares borders with Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria.

Iceland

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Total Area in km²

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103,000 km²

Ranked in the World

#16

Land Area in km²

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100,830 km²

Ranked in the World

#16

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#107

Internal Freshwater Resources

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170 km²

Ranked in the World

#46

Iceland is the 16th largest country in Europe, with a total area of 103,000 km², of which 100,830 km² is land area. Iceland is a Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic, and it is the most sparsely populated country in Europe.

Ireland

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Total Area in km²

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70,273 km²

Ranked in the World

#22

Land Area in km²

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68,890 km²

Ranked in the World

#22

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#119

Internal Freshwater Resources

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52 km²

Ranked in the World

#89

Isle of Man

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Total Area in km²

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572 km²

Ranked in the World

#40

Land Area in km²

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570 km²

Ranked in the World

#40

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#183

Italy

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Total Area in km²

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301,336 km²

Ranked in the World

#10

Land Area in km²

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295,717 km²

Ranked in the World

#10

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#72

Internal Freshwater Resources

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191.3 km²

Ranked in the World

#44

Italy rounds out the top ten largest countries in Europe, with a total area of 301,336 square kilometers. Of this area, 295,717 square kilometers are land. Italy is located in Southern Europe and is known for its beautiful beaches, ancient ruins, and rich cultural heritage.

Latvia

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Total Area in km²

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64,559 km²

Ranked in the World

#24

Land Area in km²

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62,230 km²

Ranked in the World

#24

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#123

Internal Freshwater Resources

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35.45 km²

Ranked in the World

#99

Liechtenstein

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Total Area in km²

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160 km²

Ranked in the World

#43

Land Area in km²

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160 km²

Ranked in the World

#43

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#204

Lithuania

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Total Area in km²

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65,300 km²

Ranked in the World

#23

Land Area in km²

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62,620 km²

Ranked in the World

#23

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#122

Internal Freshwater Resources

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24.9 km²

Ranked in the World

#110

Luxembourg

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Total Area in km²

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2,586 km²

Ranked in the World

#38

Land Area in km²

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2,574.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#38

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#170

Internal Freshwater Resources

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3.1 km²

Ranked in the World

#143

Malta

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Total Area in km²

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316 km²

Ranked in the World

#42

Land Area in km²

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320 km²

Ranked in the World

#42

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#196

Internal Freshwater Resources

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0.05 km²

Ranked in the World

#162

Moldova

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Total Area in km²

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33,846 km²

Ranked in the World

#32

Land Area in km²

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32,884.6 km²

Ranked in the World

#32

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#137

Internal Freshwater Resources

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11.65 km²

Ranked in the World

#131

Monaco

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Total Area in km²

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2 km²

Ranked in the World

#45

Land Area in km²

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2 km²

Ranked in the World

#45

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#214

Montenegro

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Total Area in km²

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13,812 km²

Ranked in the World

#36

Land Area in km²

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13,450 km²

Ranked in the World

#36

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#157

Netherlands

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Total Area in km²

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41,850 km²

Ranked in the World

#30

Land Area in km²

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33,670 km²

Ranked in the World

#31

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#132

Internal Freshwater Resources

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91 km²

Ranked in the World

#71

Norway

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Total Area in km²

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323,802 km²

Ranked in the World

#8

Land Area in km²

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364,285 km²

Ranked in the World

#6

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#68

Internal Freshwater Resources

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424.4 km²

Ranked in the World

#27

Norway is the eighth biggest country in Europe, with a total area of 323,802 square kilometers. Of this area, 364,285 square kilometers are land. Norway is located in Northern Europe and is known for its fjords, mountains, and stunning natural beauty.

Poland

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Total Area in km²

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312,679 km²

Ranked in the World

#9

Land Area in km²

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306,130 km²

Ranked in the World

#8

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#70

Internal Freshwater Resources

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63.33 km²

Ranked in the World

#82

Poland is the ninth largest country in Europe, with a total area of 312,679 square kilometers. Of this area, 306,130 square kilometers are land. Poland is located in Central Europe and is known for its rich history, beautiful cities, and delicious cuisine.

Portugal

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Total Area in km²

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92,090 km²

Ranked in the World

#18

Land Area in km²

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91,605.6 km²

Ranked in the World

#17

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#110

Internal Freshwater Resources

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69.7 km²

Ranked in the World

#78

Portugal is the 18th largest country in Europe, with a total area of 92,090 km², of which 91,605.6 km² is land area. Portugal is located in southwestern Europe and shares its only land border with Spain.

Romania

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Total Area in km²

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238,391 km²

Ranked in the World

#12

Land Area in km²

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230,080 km²

Ranked in the World

#12

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#82

Internal Freshwater Resources

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217.1 km²

Ranked in the World

#38

Romania ranks as the 12th biggest country in Europe with a total area of 238,391 km², of which 230,080 km² is land area. Romania is located in southeastern Europe and shares borders with several other countries, including Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Bulgaria.

Russia

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Total Area in km²

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17,098,242 km²

Ranked in the World

#1

Land Area in km²

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16,376,870 km²

Ranked in the World

#1

Percentage of World Landmass

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0.11%

Ranked in the World

#1

Internal Freshwater Resources

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4,500 km²

Ranked in the World

#2

At the top of the list of largest European countries is Russia, which covers a whopping 17,098,242 km² in total area, making it the largest country not just in Europe but in the world as well. Of this area, 16,376,870 km² are land, with the remaining area being made up of water.

San Marino

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Total Area in km²

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61 km²

Ranked in the World

#44

Land Area in km²

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60 km²

Ranked in the World

#44

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#207

Serbia

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Total Area in km²

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88,361 km²

Ranked in the World

#19

Land Area in km²

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87,460 km²

Ranked in the World

#19

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#112

Internal Freshwater Resources

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162.2 km²

Ranked in the World

#48

Serbia ranks as the 19th largest country in Europe, with a total area of 88,361 km², of which 87,460 km² is land area. Serbia is a landlocked country located in southeastern Europe, and it shares borders with several other countries, including Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Slovakia

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Total Area in km²

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49,037 km²

Ranked in the World

#27

Land Area in km²

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49,035 km²

Ranked in the World

#27

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#128

Internal Freshwater Resources

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50.1 km²

Ranked in the World

#91

Slovenia

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Total Area in km²

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20,273 km²

Ranked in the World

#35

Land Area in km²

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20,136.4 km²

Ranked in the World

#35

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#151

Internal Freshwater Resources

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31.87 km²

Ranked in the World

#103

Spain

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Total Area in km²

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505,992 km²

Ranked in the World

#4

Land Area in km²

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499,556.6 km²

Ranked in the World

#4

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#51

Internal Freshwater Resources

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111.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#61

Spain is the fourth biggest country in Europe, covering a total area of 505,992 square kilometers. Of this area, 499,556.6 square kilometers are land. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula and is known for its beautiful beaches, vibrant cities, and rich history.

Sweden

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Total Area in km²

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450,295 km²

Ranked in the World

#5

Land Area in km²

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407,283.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#5

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#55

Internal Freshwater Resources

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174 km²

Ranked in the World

#45

Sweden is the fifth largest country in Europe, with a total area of 450,295 square kilometers. Of this area, 407,283.5 square kilometers are land. Sweden is located in Northern Europe and is known for its beautiful natural landscapes, progressive social policies, and innovative technology.

Switzerland

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Total Area in km²

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41,284 km²

Ranked in the World

#31

Land Area in km²

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39,516 km²

Ranked in the World

#30

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#133

Internal Freshwater Resources

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53.5 km²

Ranked in the World

#86

Ukraine

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Total Area in km²

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603,500 km²

Ranked in the World

#2

Land Area in km²

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579,400 km²

Ranked in the World

#2

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#44

Internal Freshwater Resources

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139.6 km²

Ranked in the World

#55

The second largest European country is Ukraine, which covers 603,500 square kilometers in total area, with 579,400 square kilometers of that being land. Ukraine is located in Eastern Europe and is known for its beautiful landscapes and rich history.

United Kingdom

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Total Area in km²

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242,900 km²

Ranked in the World

#11

Land Area in km²

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241,930 km²

Ranked in the World

#11

Percentage of World Landmass

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0%

Ranked in the World

#79

Internal Freshwater Resources

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147 km²

Ranked in the World

#53

With a total area of 242,900 km², the United Kingdom ranks as the 11th largest country in Europe. Its land area is slightly smaller at 241,930 km². The UK is made up of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

FAQs

What is the largest country in Europe ?

The largest country in Europe is Russia, with a total land area of 17,098,242 km².

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